First Mortgage

AAA

DEFINITION of 'First Mortgage'

A mortgage in a first lien position on the property that secures the mortgage. A first mortgage has priority over all other liens or claims on a property in the event of default.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'First Mortgage'

If the loan to value (LTV) ratio of a first mortgage is greater than 80%, lenders generally require private mortgage insurance (PMI). In such a case, it can sometimes be economical for a borrower to limit the size of the first mortgage to an 80% LTV and use secondary financing to borrow the remaining amount needed.

The economics of paying PMI versus using a second loan largely depends on the rate at which a borrower expects the value of his or her home to increase. PMI can be eliminated when the LTV of the first mortgage reaches 78%; however, a second lien, which typically carries a higher interest rate than a first mortgage, must be paid-off, most likely through a refinancing of the first mortgage for an amount equal to the remaining balance of the both the first and second mortgages.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Private Mortgage Insurance - PMI

    A policy provided by private mortgage insurers to protect lenders ...
  2. Mortgage

    A debt instrument, secured by the collateral of specified real ...
  3. Closed-End Mortgage

    A restrictive type of mortgage that cannot be prepaid, renegotiated ...
  4. Back-to-Back Commitment

    A commitment to make a second take-out loan that piggybacks another ...
  5. Lien

    The legal right of a creditor to sell the collateral property ...
  6. 80-10-10 Mortgage

    A mortgage transaction in which a first and second mortgage are ...
Related Articles
  1. Credit & Loans

    4 Steps To Attaining A Mortgage

    It starts with knowing your choices as well as your price range. We show you how to get there.
  2. Personal Finance

    Understanding Your Mortgage

    We walk through the steps needed to secure the best loan to finance the purchase of your home.
  3. Options & Futures

    Make A Risk-Based Mortgage Decision

    Find out how to choose which mortgage style is right for you.
  4. Home & Auto

    6 Tips To Get Approved For A Mortgage

    You can change your bank's answer to a loan request from 'No' to 'Yes'. Find out how.
  5. Credit & Loans

    Understanding The Mortgage Payment Structure

    We explain the calculation and payment process as well as the amortization schedule of home loans.
  6. Credit & Loans

    Top 10 Common Mortgage Scams To Avoid

    How do you know which companies to avoid? Look for these telltale signs.
  7. Credit & Loans

    Can You Get A Mortgage On A Mobile Home?

    You can get a loan for a mobile home, but it may not be a mortgage. These are the choices for funding manufactured housing.
  8. Credit & Loans

    Getting A Mortgage After Bankruptcy Or Foreclosure

    Millions of Americans had homes foreclosed and millions more went into bankruptcy. Here are the necessary qualifying steps to buying a home again.
  9. Taxes

    Will Itemized Deductions Get You A Bigger Refund?

    April and taxes are due soon. If you need to file your return, you might have to decide if itemizing your deductions this year will net you a better deal.
  10. Home & Auto

    Save $30,000 For A Home Down Payment In 5 Months

    Before tackling mortgage rates, home maintenance costs and utilities, every home buyer must first gather the funds for a mortgage loan down payment.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. DuPont Analysis

    A method of performance measurement that was started by the DuPont Corporation in the 1920s. With this method, assets are ...
  2. Asset Class

    A group of securities that exhibit similar characteristics, behave similarly in the marketplace, and are subject to the same ...
  3. Fiat Money

    Currency that a government has declared to be legal tender, but is not backed by a physical commodity. The value of fiat ...
  4. Interest Rate Risk

    The risk that an investment's value will change due to a change in the absolute level of interest rates, in the spread between ...
  5. Income Effect

    In the context of economic theory, the income effect is the change in an individual's or economy's income and how that change ...
  6. Price-To-Sales Ratio - PSR

    A valuation ratio that compares a company’s stock price to its revenues. The price-to-sales ratio is an indicator of the ...
Trading Center