First Mortgage

AAA

DEFINITION of 'First Mortgage'

A mortgage in a first lien position on the property that secures the mortgage. A first mortgage has priority over all other liens or claims on a property in the event of default.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'First Mortgage'

If the loan to value (LTV) ratio of a first mortgage is greater than 80%, lenders generally require private mortgage insurance (PMI). In such a case, it can sometimes be economical for a borrower to limit the size of the first mortgage to an 80% LTV and use secondary financing to borrow the remaining amount needed.

The economics of paying PMI versus using a second loan largely depends on the rate at which a borrower expects the value of his or her home to increase. PMI can be eliminated when the LTV of the first mortgage reaches 78%; however, a second lien, which typically carries a higher interest rate than a first mortgage, must be paid-off, most likely through a refinancing of the first mortgage for an amount equal to the remaining balance of the both the first and second mortgages.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Private Mortgage Insurance - PMI

    A policy provided by private mortgage insurers to protect lenders ...
  2. Mortgage

    A debt instrument, secured by the collateral of specified real ...
  3. Closed-End Mortgage

    A restrictive type of mortgage that cannot be prepaid, renegotiated ...
  4. Back-to-Back Commitment

    A commitment to make a second take-out loan that piggybacks another ...
  5. Lien

    The legal right of a creditor to sell the collateral property ...
  6. Loan-To-Value Ratio - LTV Ratio

    A lending risk assessment ratio that financial institutions and ...
Related Articles
  1. Credit & Loans

    4 Steps To Attaining A Mortgage

    It starts with knowing your choices as well as your price range. We show you how to get there.
  2. Personal Finance

    Understanding Your Mortgage

    We walk through the steps needed to secure the best loan to finance the purchase of your home.
  3. Options & Futures

    Make A Risk-Based Mortgage Decision

    Find out how to choose which mortgage style is right for you.
  4. Home & Auto

    6 Tips To Get Approved For A Mortgage

    You can change your bank's answer to a loan request from 'No' to 'Yes'. Find out how.
  5. Credit & Loans

    Understanding The Mortgage Payment Structure

    We explain the calculation and payment process as well as the amortization schedule of home loans.
  6. Credit & Loans

    What are the pros and cons of owning an equity REIT versus a mortgage REIT?

    Learn about investing in equity, mortgage and hybrid REITs. Explore the different strategies REITs employ to generate income and create dividends.
  7. Credit & Loans

    What is the debt ratio for an FHA loan?

    Borrowing through the Federal Housing Administration requires individuals to provide proof of income as well as information relating to total outstanding debt.
  8. Home & Auto

    What factors should I consider when shopping for the best mortgage lender?

    Comparing lenders to obtain the best mortgage loan requires research and willingness to shop around for the best loan to fit individual needs.
  9. Credit & Loans

    Buying A House? Avoid These 7 Mistakes

    Owning your own home gives you a feeling of independence that renting can’t offer, and there are big financial benefits, too.
  10. Professionals

    Should Your Retiring Clients Pay Off A Mortgage?

    Should your retiring clients pay off their mortgages? It's more complicated than 'yes' or 'no,' so here's a quick guide.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Commercial Paper

    An unsecured, short-term debt instrument issued by a corporation, typically for the financing of accounts receivable, inventories ...
  2. Federal Funds Rate

    The interest rate at which a depository institution lends funds maintained at the Federal Reserve to another depository institution ...
  3. Fixed Asset

    A long-term tangible piece of property that a firm owns and uses in the production of its income and is not expected to be ...
  4. Break-Even Analysis

    An analysis to determine the point at which revenue received equals the costs associated with receiving the revenue. Break-even ...
  5. Key Performance Indicators - KPI

    A set of quantifiable measures that a company or industry uses to gauge or compare performance in terms of meeting their ...
  6. Bank Guarantee

    A guarantee from a lending institution ensuring that the liabilities of a debtor will be met. In other words, if the debtor ...
Trading Center