Federal Open Market Committee - FOMC

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Federal Open Market Committee - FOMC'

The branch of the Federal Reserve Board that determines the direction of monetary policy. The FOMC is composed of the board of governors, which has seven members, and five reserve bank presidents. The president of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York serves continuously, while the presidents of the other reserve banks rotate their service of one-year terms.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Federal Open Market Committee - FOMC'

The FOMC meets eight times per year to set key interest rates, such as the discount rate, and to decide whether to increase or decrease the money supply, which the Fed does by buying and selling government securities. For example, to tighten the money supply, or decrease the amount of money available in the banking system, the Fed sells government securities. The meetings of the committee, which are secret, are the subject of much speculation on Wall Street, as analysts try to guess whether the Fed will tighten or loosen the money supply, thereby causing interest rates to rise or fall.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Discount Rate

    The interest rate charged to commercial banks and other depository ...
  2. Federal Reserve Bank

    The central bank of the United States and the most powerful financial ...
  3. Federal Funds Rate

    The interest rate at which a depository institution lends funds ...
  4. Permanent Open Market Operations ...

    When the Federal Reserve buys or sells securities outright in ...
  5. Federal Reserve Bank Of Atlanta

    The Federal Reserve bank responsible for the sixth district and ...
  6. Federal Reserve System - FRS

    The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What are the differences between the Federal Funds Rate and LIBOR?

    In macroeconomics, the interest rate plays a crucial role in delivering an equilibrium on the assets market by equating the ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How do open market operations (OMOs) affect bond prices?

    Open market operations (OMOs) directly influence the money supply, which in turn impacts interest rates. Interest rates are ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What agencies were created by the Glass-Steagall Act?

    The Glass-Steagall Act, also known as the Banking Act of 1933, was proposed and passed by Congress in response to the failure ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. When has the United States run its largest trade deficits?

    In macroeconomics, balance of trade is one of the leading economic metrics that determines the trading relationship of a ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How does the bond market react to changes in the Federal Funds Rate?

    The bond market is highly sensitive to changes in the federal funds rate. When the Federal Reserve increases the federal ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Which is more important to a nation's economy, the balance of trade or the balance ...

    There is no question the composition of a country's balance of payments is more important than its balance of trade. This ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    Is Your Stock Headed South?

    Don't let your portfolio go with it! Find out which signs to watch out for.
  2. Personal Finance

    How The U.S. Government Formulates Monetary Policy

    Learn about the tools the Fed uses to influence interest rates and general economic conditions.
  3. Forex Education

    Get To Know The Major Central Banks

    The policies of these banks affect the currency market like nothing else. See what makes them tick.
  4. Forex Education

    How To Trade Forex On News Releases

    When economic data comes out, it can have a marked impact on the currency market. Find out how to profit.
  5. Investing Basics

    Interest Rates And Your Bond Investments

    By understanding the factors that influence interest rates, you can learn to anticipate their movement and profit from it.
  6. Credit & Loans

    How Interest Rate Cuts Affect Consumers

    Traders rejoice when the Fed drops the rate, but is it good news for all? Find out here.
  7. Economics

    How Does China Manage Its Money Supply?

    Here's how the Central Bank of China manages its currency rates and the money supply.
  8. Economics

    What Happens to the Economy If China Deleverages

    Attempts to deleverage and institute reforms that will foster more sustainable growth could exacerbate an already slowing Chinese economy.
  9. Economics

    As Fed Prepares To Move, Gold Is Losing Its Luster

    Last week’s Semi-Annual Monetary Policy Report to Congress returned investors’ focus back to the fundamentals, and a general upbeat of the economy.
  10. Economics

    Do Transport Stocks Signal a U.S. Selloff?

    The Dow Jones Transportation Average index has underperformed the broader DJ Industrials Average, leading some market watchers to speculate a selloff.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. OsMA

    An abbreviation for Oscillator - Moving Average. OsMA is used in technical analysis to represent the variance between an ...
  2. Investopedia

    One of the best-known sources of financial information on the internet. Investopedia is a resource for investors, consumers ...
  3. Unfair Claims Practice

    The improper avoidance of a claim by an insurer or an attempt to reduce the size of the claim. By engaging in unfair claims ...
  4. Killer Bees

    An individual or firm that helps a company fend off a takeover attempt. A killer bee uses defensive strategies to keep an ...
  5. Sin Tax

    A state-sponsored tax that is added to products or services that are seen as vices, such as alcohol, tobacco and gambling. ...
  6. Grandfathered Activities

    Nonbank activities, some of which would normally not be permissible for bank holding companies and foreign banks in the United ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!