Foreign Currency Swap

What is a 'Foreign Currency Swap'

A foreign currency swap is an agreement to make a currency exchange between two foreign parties. The agreement consists of swapping principal and interest payments on a loan made in one currency for principal and interest payments of a loan of equal value in another currency. The Federal Reserve System offered this type of swap to several developing countries in 2008.

BREAKING DOWN 'Foreign Currency Swap'

The World Bank first introduced currency swaps in 1981 in an effort to obtain German marks and Swiss francs. This type of swap can be done on loans with maturities as long as 10 years. They differ from interest rate swaps because they also involve principal.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. How do companies benefit from interest rate and currency swaps?

    An interest rate swap involves the exchange of cash flows between two parties based on interest payments for a particular ... Read Answer >>
  2. When was the first swap agreement and why were swaps created?

    Learn about the history of swap agreements, the first swap agreement between IBM and the World Bank, and how swaps have evolved ... Read Answer >>
  3. What are some risks a company takes when entering a currency swap?

    Read about the risks associated with performing a currency swap, including counterparty credit risk in the event that one ... Read Answer >>
  4. What would motivate an entity to enter into a swap agreement?

    Learn why parties enter into swap agreements to hedge their risks, and understand how the different legs of a swap agreement ... Read Answer >>
  5. What are the benefits of engaging in a currency swap?

    Read about the benefits of engaging in a currency swap, such as when companies in different countries want to borrow funds ... Read Answer >>
  6. How can a company hedge with currency swaps?

    Read a brief overview of how currency swap exchanges function, why a swap bank is necessary, and how the parties involved ... Read Answer >>
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