Foreign Exchange Intervention

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Foreign Exchange Intervention'

A monetary policy tool in which a central bank takes an active participatory role in influencing the monetary funds transfer rate of the national currency. Central banks, especially those in developing countries, intervene in the foreign exchange market in order to build reserves, stabilize the exchange rate and to correct misalignments. The success of foreign exchange intervention depends on how the central bank sterilizes the impact of its interventions, as well as general macroeconomic policies set by the government.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Foreign Exchange Intervention'

Two difficulties that central banks face is determining the timing and amount of intervention, as this is often a judgment call rather than a cold, hard fact. The amount of reserves, the type of economic trouble facing the country and the ever changing market conditions makes taking the best course of action difficult.


Foreign exchange interventions can be risky in that they can undermine a central bank's credibility if it fails to maintain stability. Defending the national currency from speculation was a precipitating cause of the 1994 currency crisis in Mexico, and was a leading factor in the Asian financial crisis of 1997.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Sterilization

    A form of monetary action in which a central bank seeks to limit ...
  2. Exchange Rate

    The price of a nation’s currency in terms of another currency. ...
  3. Sterilized Intervention

    The purchase or sale of foreign currency by a central bank to ...
  4. National Currency

    The currency or legal tender issued by a nation's central bank ...
  5. Central Bank

    The entity responsible for overseeing the monetary system for ...
  6. Monetary Policy

    The actions of a central bank, currency board or other regulatory ...
Related Articles
  1. Fundamental Analysis

    How Influential Economists Changed Our History

    Find out how these five groundbreaking thinkers laid our financial foundations.
  2. Forex Fundamentals

    What Causes A Currency Crisis?

    Find out what can cause a currency to collapse, and what central banks can do to help.
  3. Personal Finance

    How The U.S. Government Formulates Monetary Policy

    Learn about the tools the Fed uses to influence interest rates and general economic conditions.
  4. Options & Futures

    Explaining The World Through Macroeconomic Analysis

    From unemployment and inflation to government policy, learn what macroeconomics measures and how it affects everyone.
  5. Bonds & Fixed Income

    6 Factors That Influence Exchange Rates

    Find out how a currency's relative value reflects a country's economic health and impacts your investment returns.
  6. Personal Finance

    What Are Central Banks?

    They print money, they control inflation, and much, much more. All you need to know about central banks is here.
  7. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Can Keynesian Economics Reduce Boom-Bust Cycles?

    Learn about a British economist's proposed solution to a common economic problem.
  8. Economics

    The Fed's Impact On Emerging Markets

    Higher US interest rates could make it more expensive for emerging market borrowers to service their debt commitments.
  9. Investing

    Can Europe’s QE Be A Stimulus For U.S. Investors?

    Finding value in today’s markets has been difficult, so many investors are turning to opportunities outside of the U.S. But where should they look?
  10. Economics

    Benefits From A Tango Of China-US Trade and Debt

    China has been accumulating US debt for many decades. Here's why it continues to do so, and the risks and benefits of this for both the US and China.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Loan-To-Value Ratio - LTV Ratio

    A lending risk assessment ratio that financial institutions and others lenders examine before approving a mortgage.
  2. DuPont Analysis

    A method of performance measurement that was started by the DuPont Corporation in the 1920s. With this method, assets are ...
  3. Asset Class

    A group of securities that exhibit similar characteristics, behave similarly in the marketplace, and are subject to the same ...
  4. Fiat Money

    Currency that a government has declared to be legal tender, but is not backed by a physical commodity. The value of fiat ...
  5. Interest Rate Risk

    The risk that an investment's value will change due to a change in the absolute level of interest rates, in the spread between ...
  6. Income Effect

    In the context of economic theory, the income effect is the change in an individual's or economy's income and how that change ...
Trading Center