Forward Price

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DEFINITION of 'Forward Price'

The predetermined delivery price for an underlying commodity, currency or financial asset decided upon by the long (the buyer) and the short (the seller) to be paid at predetermined date in the future.

At the inception of a forward contract, the forward price makes the value of the contract zero.

The Forward Price can be determined by the following formula:

Forward Price



where:
S0 represents the current spot price of the asset
F0 represents the forward price of the asset at time T
er represents a mathematical exponential function

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Forward Price'

Taking positions in a forward contract is a zero-sum game. For example, if Joe takes a long position in a pork belly forward agreement and Jane takes a short position in a forward agreement, any gains that Joe makes in the long position equal the losses that Jane incurs from the short position. By initially setting the value of the contract's value to zero, both parties are on equal ground at inception of the contract.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. How are commodity spot prices different than futures prices?

    Commodity spot prices and futures prices are different quotes for different types of contracts. The spot price is the current ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How do commodity spot prices indicate future price movements?

    Commodity spot prices indicate future price movements because commodity futures prices are calculated using spot prices. ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Where did market to market (MTM) accounting come from?

    Mark to market accounting has been around in concept since the stock market began; however, it was not officially part of ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Why is market to market (MTM) accounting considered controversial?

    Mark to market accounting has been an integral component of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in the United ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the difference between economic value and market value?

    The difference between market value and economic value is that the former represents the minimum amount the customer is willing ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How do I set a strike price for a future?

    Strike prices can be set for put and call options, but investors engaged in futures contracts are obligated to trade the ... Read Full Answer >>
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