Fracking

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What is 'Fracking'

Fracking is a slang term for hydraulic fracturing. Fracking refers to the procedure of creating fractures in rocks and rock formations by injecting fluid into cracks to force them further open. The larger fissures allow more oil and gas to flow out of the formation and into the wellbore, from where it can be extracted.

Fracking has resulted in many oil and gas wells attaining a state of economic viability, due to the level of extraction that can be reached.

BREAKING DOWN 'Fracking'

Petroleum engineers have used fracking as a means of increasing well production since the late 1940s. Fractures can also exist naturally in formations, and both natural and man-made fractures can be widened by fracking. As a result, more oil and gas can be extracted from a given area of land.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. Where and when is fracking advantageous?

    Take a deeper look at the economic and environmental impacts of fracking, a technique used to increase the production of ... Read Answer >>
  2. What regulations are in place that affect fracking?

    Read about some of the regulations that impact the practice of hydraulic fracturing, which is used to increase oil and gas ... Read Answer >>
  3. How has fracking helped the U.S. to decrease dependence on foreign oil?

    Learn about the drilling technique referred to as fracking, and discover how this technology has significantly reduced U.S. ... Read Answer >>
  4. How does fracking increase oil production?

    Learn how fracking, the process of high-pressure oil and gas extraction, has tripled domestic oil production and reduced ... Read Answer >>
  5. How much of the United States' energy is produced within the country?

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