Fragmentation

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Fragmentation'

The use of different suppliers and component manufacturers in the production of a good. Fragmentation results in different companies producing component parts rather than the finished good, with the components being assembled as a final product elsewhere. Suppliers do not have to be located in the same geographical region.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Fragmentation'

Fragmentation is often associated with globalization, as companies seek to use suppliers who are the most cost-effective, even if those companies are located abroad. For example, an airplane may have its wings manufactured in Germany, its electronics in Japan, its glass in China and its seats in Mexico. All the components are shipped to the United States, put together and sold as the final product.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Right-Shoring

    The placement of a business' components and processes in localities ...
  2. Low-Cost Producer

    A company that can provide goods or services at a low cost. In ...
  3. Multinational Corporation - MNC

    A corporation that has its facilities and other assets in at ...
  4. Outsourcing

    A practice used by different companies to reduce costs by transferring ...
  5. Globalization

    The tendency of investment funds and businesses to move beyond ...
  6. Ex Gratia Payment

    A payment made to an individual by an organization, government, ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. How can I calculate funds from operation in Excel?

    In general, the terms "work in progress" and "work in process" are used interchangeably to refer to products midway through ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. When does Q4 start and finish?

    Most companies such as Facebook have financial years that end on December 31st. For these companies, the fourth quarter begins ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. When is it useful to look at a company's fixed asset turnover ratio?

    It is useful to look at a company's fixed asset turnover ratio when an outside observer, such as an investor, wants to know ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is the difference between perfect and imperfect competition?

    Perfect competition is a microeconomics concept that describes a market structure controlled entirely by market forces. In ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How difficult is it to understand business analytics?

    In the abstract, business analytics is the study of financial, economic, consumer and production data through statistical ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. At what levels are core competencies required for businesses operating in the primary ...

    Core competencies help businesses understand their best abilities to perform in the market. Primary sector businesses mine ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Personal Finance

    What Is International Trade?

    Everyone's talking about globalization, so we explain what is it and why some oppose it.
  2. Economics

    Globalization: Progress Or Profiteering?

    Proponents of globalization argue that it helps the economies of developing nations and makes goods cheaper, while critics say that globalization reduces domestic jobs and exploits foreign workers. ...
  3. Economics

    The Basics Of Tariffs And Trade Barriers

    Everything you need to know - from the different types of tariffs to their effects on the local economy.
  4. Economics

    What Are Economies Of Scale?

    Is bigger always better? Read up on the important and often misunderstood concept of economies of scale.
  5. Economics

    What Is An Emerging Market Economy?

    Emerging markets provide new investment opportunities, but there are risks - both to residents and foreign investors.
  6. Economics

    What Is The World Trade Organization?

    The WTO sets the global rules of trade. But what exactly does it do and why do so many oppose it?
  7. Economics

    Understanding Management by Objectives

    Management by objectives is a process in which a manager and an employee agree on specific performance goals and then develop a plan to reach those goals.
  8. Economics

    What Does Going Concern Mean?

    Going concern is a concept used in business and accounting to describe the fiscal health of a company.
  9. Fundamental Analysis

    Calculating the Capacity Utilization Rate

    Capacity utilization rate is a ratio used to compare a current usage level against a maximum potential level.
  10. Economics

    Explaining the Supply Chain

    A supply chain is the cumulative network involved in moving raw materials, components and finished products from original suppliers to end users.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Investopedia

    One of the best-known sources of financial information on the internet. Investopedia is a resource for investors, consumers ...
  2. Unfair Claims Practice

    The improper avoidance of a claim by an insurer or an attempt to reduce the size of the claim. By engaging in unfair claims ...
  3. Killer Bees

    An individual or firm that helps a company fend off a takeover attempt. A killer bee uses defensive strategies to keep an ...
  4. Sin Tax

    A state-sponsored tax that is added to products or services that are seen as vices, such as alcohol, tobacco and gambling. ...
  5. Grandfathered Activities

    Nonbank activities, some of which would normally not be permissible for bank holding companies and foreign banks in the United ...
  6. Touchline

    The highest price that a buyer of a particular security is willing to pay and the lowest price at which a seller is willing ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!