Friedrich Hayek


DEFINITION of 'Friedrich Hayek'

A famous economist born in Vienna, Austria, in 1899. Friedrich Hayek is well-known for his numerous contributions in the field of economics and political philosophy. Hayek's approach mostly stems from the Austrian school of economics and emphasizes the limited nature of knowledge. He is particularly famous for his defense of free-market capitalism and is remembered as one of the greatest critics of the socialist consensus.

Friedrich Hayek is the co-winner of the The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel in 1974. He died on March 23, 1992.

BREAKING DOWN 'Friedrich Hayek'

According to the official Nobel Prize website, Friedrich Hayek and Gunnar Myrdal won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1974 "for their pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and for their penetrating analysis of interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena". After his death, some of the universities Hayek had taught at made tributes to him (such as naming an auditorium after him).

  1. Capitalism

    A system of economics based on the private ownership of capital ...
  2. Keynesian Economics

    An economic theory of total spending in the economy and its effects ...
  3. Gunnar Myrdal

    A Swedish economist, sociologist and politician who won the 1974 ...
  4. Economics

    A social science that studies how individuals, governments, firms ...
  5. Free Market

    A market economy based on supply and demand with little or no ...
  6. John Maynard Keynes

    An author and economist who is well-known for his stance that ...
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    Economics Basics

    Learn economics principles such as the relationship of supply and demand, elasticity, utility, and more!
  2. Fundamental Analysis

    How Influential Economists Changed Our History

    Find out how these five groundbreaking thinkers laid our financial foundations.
  3. Options & Futures

    Explaining The World Through Macroeconomic Analysis

    From unemployment and inflation to government policy, learn what macroeconomics measures and how it affects everyone.
  4. Investing Basics

    Why Interest Rates Affect Everyone

    Learn why interest rates are one of the most important economic variables and how every individual and business is affected by rate changes.
  5. Economics

    Investing Opportunities as Central Banks Diverge

    After the Paris attacks investors are focusing on central bank policy and its potential for divergence: tightened by the Fed while the ECB pursues easing.
  6. Economics

    Understanding Donald Trump's Stance on China

    Find out why China bothers Donald Trump so much, and why the 2016 Republican presidential candidate argues for a return to protectionist trade policies.
  7. Investing

    World Bank Data For Dummies

    Developing countries can't always afford to track the data crucial to setting the right economic policies and programs. That's where the World Bank steps in.
  8. Economics

    Explaining Devaluation

    Devaluation is the deliberate decrease in one county’s currency relative to the currency of other countries.
  9. Investing

    Is US Inflation Too Low?

    One reason the Fed has delayed its first rate hike: U.S. inflation has been persistently running below the stated 2 % level the central bank seeks to target.
  10. Investing

    2 Investing Implications of Higher US Rates

    While U.S. economic data continue to come in mixed, the numbers still point to decent U.S. economic growth.
  1. How do you make working capital adjustments in transfer pricing?

    Transfer pricing refers to prices that a multinational company or group charges a second party operating in a different tax ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Marginal propensity to Consume (MPC) Vs. Save (MPS)

    Historically, because people in the United States have shown a higher propensity to consume, this is likely the more important ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. When has the United States run its largest trade deficits?

    In macroeconomics, balance of trade is one of the leading economic metrics that determines the trading relationship of a ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Which is more important to a nation's economy, the balance of trade or the balance ...

    There is no question the composition of a country's balance of payments is more important than its balance of trade. This ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are the ethical arguments against government subsidies to companies like Tesla?

    The ethical argument behind government subsidies is that they should be put into place to help industries that will, in turn, ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How can tariffs cause inefficiencies in domestic industries?

    Any government regulation naturally creates inefficiencies in a pure supply and demand marketplace. When it comes to the ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Black Friday

    1. A day of stock market catastrophe. Originally, September 24, 1869, was deemed Black Friday. The crash was sparked by gold ...
  2. Turkey

    Slang for an investment that yields disappointing results or turns out worse than expected. Failed business deals, securities ...
  3. Barefoot Pilgrim

    A slang term for an unsophisticated investor who loses all of his or her wealth by trading equities in the stock market. ...
  4. Quick Ratio

    The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet ...
  5. Black Tuesday

    October 29, 1929, when the DJIA fell 12% - one of the largest one-day drops in stock market history. More than 16 million ...
  6. Black Monday

    October 19, 1987, when the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) lost almost 22% in a single day. That event marked the beginning ...
Trading Center