Front-End Ratio

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Front-End Ratio'

A ratio that indicates what portion of an individual's income is used to make mortgage payments. It is calculated as an individual's monthly housing expenses divided by his or her monthly gross income and is expressed as a percentage. Monthly gross income is simply annual income divided by 12 (months). Lenders use the front-end ratio in conjunction with the back-end ratio to approve mortgages.

Calculated as:

Front-End Ratio

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Front-End Ratio'

For example, if your annual income is $60,000, your monthly income is $5,000(60,000/12). By asking your lender what front-end ratio would be required in order for your mortgage to be approved, you can figure how much of that $5,000 you can allocate to your mortgage payments. If the required front-end ratio is 31%, you can allocate $1,550 (5,000 x 0.31). Thus, if your PITI is $1,550 or less, you would be approved.

Typical monthly housing expenses include the mortgage principal, interest, taxes and insurance payments - collectively known as PITI.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Mortgage

    A debt instrument, secured by the collateral of specified real ...
  2. Loan

    The act of giving money, property or other material goods to ...
  3. Back-End Ratio

    A ratio that indicates what portion of a person's monthly income ...
  4. Principal, Interest, Taxes, Insurance ...

    The components of a mortgage payment. Principal is the money ...
  5. House Poor

    A situation that describes a person who spends a large proportion ...
  6. Mortgage Broker

    An intermediary who brings mortgage borrowers and mortgage lenders ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. I'm about to retire. If I pay off my mortgage with after-tax money I have saved, ...

    Only you and your financial advisor, family, accountant, etc. can answer the "should I?" question because there are many ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What proportion of my income should I put into my demand deposit account?

    Generally speaking, aim to keep between two months and six months worth of your fixed expenses in your demand deposit accounts. ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the difference between "closed end credit" and a "line of credit?"

    Depending on the need, an individual or business may take out a form of credit that is either open- or closed-ended. While ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. In what instances does a business use closed end credit?

    The most common types of closed-end credit used by both businesses and individuals are mortgages and auto loans. Businesses ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are the long-term effects of delinquent accounts?

    Delinquency occurs when borrowers fail to make payments on their loans. All loan borrowers should do their best to avoid ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How was the American Dream impacted by the housing market collapse in 2008?

    The American Dream was seriously damaged by the housing market collapse in 2008. In many ways, the American Dream is a self-fulfilling ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Personal Finance

    Understanding Your Mortgage

    We walk through the steps needed to secure the best loan to finance the purchase of your home.
  2. Budgeting

    Mortgages: How Much Can You Afford?

    Answering this means number-crunching as well as factoring in other considerations and expenses.
  3. Credit & Loans

    Understanding The Mortgage Payment Structure

    We explain the calculation and payment process as well as the amortization schedule of home loans.
  4. Credit & Loans

    Why Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac Might Be In Trouble

    Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are under increased scrutiny as debates continue about conservatorship, share price, and profit allocations.
  5. Credit & Loans

    Smart Ways to Use a Mortgage Calculator

    When you're buying a home, it's essential to do due diligence about the true costs. Mortgage calculators will show you if you can afford the purchase.
  6. Home & Auto

    How to Live Mortgage Free in a Tiny House

    Downsizing to a much smaller home – no more than 500 square feet – on your own or rented land can be a smart way to offload mortgage debt.
  7. Credit & Loans

    Calculating Interest Expense

    Interest expense is the cost of borrowing money.
  8. Personal Finance

    Affordable Ways For Upgrading Your Home

    Upgrading your home doesn’t have to be an expensive chore. Here we give you 8 affordable ways to increase its appeal.
  9. Retirement

    Millennials: Retire With $1,000,000 --Here's How

    It is possible for Millennials to retire with $1,000,000, if they take the right steps and make the necessary sacrifices now.
  10. Budgeting

    The Adverse Effects of Cheap Gas

    While low gas prices are welcomed, smart budgeters must anticipate future price hikes and consider the impact of low gas prices on investments and taxes.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Radner Equilibrium

    A theory suggesting that if economic decision makers have unlimited computational capacity for choice among strategies, then ...
  2. Inbound Cash Flow

    Any currency that a company or individual receives through conducting a transaction with another party. Inbound cash flow ...
  3. Social Security

    A United States federal program of social insurance and benefits developed in 1935. The Social Security program's benefits ...
  4. American Dream

    The belief that anyone, regardless of where they were born or what class they were born into, can attain their own version ...
  5. Multicurrency Note Facility

    A credit facility that finances short- to medium-term Euro notes. Multicurrency note facilities are denominated in many currencies. ...
  6. National Currency

    The currency or legal tender issued by a nation's central bank or monetary authority. The national currency of a nation is ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!