CAD (Canadian Dollar)


DEFINITION of 'CAD (Canadian Dollar)'

The currency abbreviation or currency symbol for the Canadian dollar (CAD). The Canadian dollar is made up of 100 cents and is often presented with the dollar sign as C$ to allow it to be distinguished from other currencies denominated in dollars, such as the U.S. dollar (USD). CAD is considered to be a benchmark currency, meaning that many central banks across the globe keep Canadian dollars as a reserve currency.

BREAKING DOWN 'CAD (Canadian Dollar)'

The Canadian dollar has been in use since 1858 when the Province of Canada replaced the Canadian pound with its first official Canadian coins. This dollar was pegged to the U.S. dollar at par using the gold standard system of 1 dollar equaling 23.22 grains of gold.

In 1871, the federal government passed the Uniform Currency Act, which replaced the various currencies of the provinces with the one national Canadian dollar. Over its history, the Canadian dollar has moved back and forth between being pegged to the U.S. dollar and being allowed to float freely. The Canadian dollar was first allowed to float in 1950; from 1962 - 1970 it was pegged again and has since been allowed to float.

  1. Currency

    A generally accepted form of money, including coins and paper ...
  2. Loonie

    Colloquial term that refers to the $1 Canadian coin, and also ...
  3. Quote Currency

    The second currency quoted in a currency pair in forex. In a ...
  4. Currency Pair

    The quotation and pricing structure of the currencies traded ...
  5. Base Currency

    The first currency quoted in a currency pair on forex. It is ...
  6. Forex - FX

    The market in which currencies are traded. The forex market is ...
Related Articles
  1. Options & Futures

    A Primer On The Forex Market

    Moving from equities to currencies requires you to adjust how you interpret quotes, margin, spreads and rollovers.
  2. Forex Education

    Top 8 Most Tradable Currencies

    Currencies can provide diversification for a portfolio that's in a rut. Find out which ones you need to know.
  3. Forex Education

    Currency Exchange: Floating Rate Vs. Fixed Rate

    Baffled by exchange rates? Wonder why some currencies fluctuate while others are pegged? This article has the answers.
  4. Forex Education

    8 Basic Forex Market Concepts

    We go over some of the things you need to understand before you can trade currencies.
  5. Forex Education

    Dollarization Explained

    Find out how fledgling economies can find some stability in their currency and attract foreign investment.
  6. Forex Education

    How To Place Orders With A Forex Broker

    Learn how to set each type of stop and limit when trading currencies.
  7. Bonds & Fixed Income

    6 Factors That Influence Exchange Rates

    Find out how a currency's relative value reflects a country's economic health and impacts your investment returns.
  8. Forex Education

    Using Currency Correlations To Your Advantage

    Knowing the relationships between pairs can help control risk exposure and maximize profits.
  9. Forex Education

    Top 10 Forex Trading Rules

    Get some guidelines on how to survive - and thrive - in a variety of markets.
  10. Forex Education

    Forex Tutorial: The Forex Market

    In this online tutorial, beginners and experts alike can learn the ins and outs of the retail forex market.
  1. Why is currency always quoted in pairs?

    When reading currency quotes, you have probably noticed that there is only a single quote for a pair of currencies. Currency ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. In the forex market, how is the closing price of a currency pair determined?

    The foreign exchange market, or forex, is the market in which the currencies of the world are traded by governments, banks, ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Who decides to print money in Canada?

    In Canada, new money comes from two places: the Bank of Canada (BOC) and chartered banks such as the Toronto Dominion Bank ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Who decides when to print money in India?

    The Reserve Bank of India, or RBI, manages currency in India. The bank's additional responsibilities include regulating the ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How is a block chain network useful for trading goods and assets in virtual currencies?

    Perhaps the most famous quote associated with blockchain technology came from an anonymous virtual currency user, who described ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What types of companies benefit from reporting results utilizing constant currencies ...

    Any company that does a substantial amount of business in foreign countries, and is therefore subject to foreign currency ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Real Estate Investment Trust - REIT

    A REIT is a type of security that invests in real estate through property or mortgages and often trades on major exchanges ...
  2. Section 1231 Property

    A tax term relating to depreciable business property that has been held for over a year. Section 1231 property includes buildings, ...
  3. Term Deposit

    A deposit held at a financial institution that has a fixed term, and guarantees return of principal.
  4. Zero-Sum Game

    A situation in which one person’s gain is equivalent to another’s loss, so that the net change in wealth or benefit is zero. ...
  5. Capitalization Rate

    The rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the income that the property is expected to generate.
  6. Gross Profit

    A company's total revenue (equivalent to total sales) minus the cost of goods sold. Gross profit is the profit a company ...
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!