ZAR (South African Rand)

AAA

DEFINITION of 'ZAR (South African Rand)'

The currency abbreviation for the South African rand (ZAR), the currency for South Africa. The South African rand is made up of 100 cents and is often presented with the symbol R. The rand comes from the word "Witwatersrand" which means "white waters ridge". Johannesburg, the location of the majority of South Africa's gold deposits, is located on this ridge.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'ZAR (South African Rand)'

The South African rand was first introduced at the same time as the Republic of South Africa was established. The rand replaced the South African pound at a rate of 2 rand to 1 pound.

From introduction until 1982, the rand was actually more valuable than the U.S. dollar, after which political pressure and sanctions caused the currency to lose value.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Krugerrand Gold Coin

    A gold coin minted by the Republic of South Africa. Krugerrand ...
  2. Currency

    A generally accepted form of money, including coins and paper ...
  3. Quote Currency

    The second currency quoted in a currency pair in forex. In a ...
  4. Base Currency

    The first currency quoted in a currency pair on forex. It is ...
  5. Currency Pair

    The quotation and pricing structure of the currencies traded ...
  6. Forex - FX

    The market in which currencies are traded. The forex market is ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. If a country's currency is determined by the strength of its economy, why isn't the ...

    Generally speaking, when Country A's currency is worth more than that of Country B, it does not necessarily mean that Country ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What types of companies benefit from reporting results utilizing constant currencies ...

    Any company that does a substantial amount of business in foreign countries, and is therefore subject to foreign currency ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What are key benefits to a country that has engaged in a policy of currency depreciation?

    In the modern world, most currencies represent fiat money not backed by any commodity or precious metal and whose value is ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How does a block chain prevent double-spending of Bitcoins?

    Double-spending – the incidence of one individual successfully spending a Bitcoin balance more than once – is a major concern ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the difference between barter and currency systems?

    The primary difference between barter and currency systems is that a currency system uses an agreed-upon form of paper or ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is a forward contract against an export?

    A forward contract against an export is an agreement between the importer and exporter to exchange a specified amount of ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Options & Futures

    A Primer On The Forex Market

    Moving from equities to currencies requires you to adjust how you interpret quotes, margin, spreads and rollovers.
  2. Forex Education

    Top 8 Most Tradable Currencies

    Currencies can provide diversification for a portfolio that's in a rut. Find out which ones you need to know.
  3. Forex Education

    Currency Exchange: Floating Rate Vs. Fixed Rate

    Baffled by exchange rates? Wonder why some currencies fluctuate while others are pegged? This article has the answers.
  4. Forex Education

    Forex Investing: How To Capture Commodity Fluctuations

    For individual or retail investors looking to gain exposure to hot commodity trends, the foreign exchange markets provide the answer.
  5. Forex Education

    Dollarization Explained

    Find out how fledgling economies can find some stability in their currency and attract foreign investment.
  6. Bonds & Fixed Income

    6 Factors That Influence Exchange Rates

    Find out how a currency's relative value reflects a country's economic health and impacts your investment returns.
  7. Markets

    Rising Interest Rates: Who it Helps, Who it Hurts

    When interest rates rise, the impact hits some of us differently. Here's why.
  8. Economics

    How Currency Enforcement Helped Sink The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TTP)

    One particular barrier to trade that has received much attention of late and caused delays in negotiations of the TPP is exchange-rate manipulation, by which a country artificially devalues its ...
  9. Economics

    Eurozone Gains Momentum--But Can It Last?

    Eurozone economic growth has picked up, most notably in France and Italy, but can it last, particularly as Greece continues its standoff with creditors?
  10. Forex

    Yuan Vs. RMB: Understanding The Difference

    Is "renminbi" or "yuan" the right name for the fast growing Chinese currency, and how is it performing?

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Social Security

    A United States federal program of social insurance and benefits developed in 1935. The Social Security program's benefits ...
  2. American Dream

    The belief that anyone, regardless of where they were born or what class they were born into, can attain their own version ...
  3. Multicurrency Note Facility

    A credit facility that finances short- to medium-term Euro notes. Multicurrency note facilities are denominated in many currencies. ...
  4. National Currency

    The currency or legal tender issued by a nation's central bank or monetary authority. The national currency of a nation is ...
  5. Treasury Yield

    The return on investment, expressed as a percentage, on the debt obligations of the U.S. government. Treasuries are considered ...
  6. Bund

    A bond issued by Germany's federal government, or the German word for "bond." Bunds are the German equivalent of U.S. Treasury ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!