DEFINITION of 'Garn-St. Germain Depository Institutions Act '

A law enacted by Congress in 1982 to enable banks and other savings institutions to compete more readily in the money market. It got rid of the interest rate ceiling that they once had to abide by, authorized them to make commercial loans and gave the federal agencies the ability to approve bank acquisitions.

BREAKING DOWN 'Garn-St. Germain Depository Institutions Act '

This act was one of the contributing factors of the Savings and Loan Crisis. The S&L crisis was one of the largest government bailouts in U.S. history costing approximately $124 billion. The bailout came to help the 747 savings and loan associations in the U.S. but failed, partly due to the Garn-St. Germain Depository Institutions Act.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Depository Institutions Act of ...

    A law passed by Congress with the intent of making savings and ...
  2. Depository

    On the simplest level, depository is used to refer to any place ...
  3. Federal Savings and Loan

    A federally chartered savings and loan is a banking institution ...
  4. Truth in Savings Act

    A federal law passed by Congress on December 19, 1991 as part ...
  5. Financial Institutions Regulatory ...

    A United States Federal law enacted in 1978 pertaining to depository ...
  6. Building And Loan Associaiton

    It is a depository financial institution that is federally or ...
Related Articles
  1. Insights

    What Do the Federal Reserve Banks Do?

    These 12 regional banks are involved with four general tasks: formulate monetary policy, supervise financial institutions, facilitate government policy and provide payment services.
  2. Insights

    Financial Regulations: Glass-Steagall to Dodd-Frank

    Here are some of the most important financial regulations that have been established.
  3. Investing

    How The U.S. Government Formulates Monetary Policy

    Learn about the tools the Fed uses to influence interest rates and general economic conditions.
  4. Personal Finance

    How Banks Set Interest Rates on Your Loans

    Many factors go into how banks set interest rates for loans. Use this information to negotiate the best possible rate when you're borrowing.
  5. Personal Finance

    Understanding Term Loans

    A loan from a bank for a specific amount that has a specified repayment schedule and a floating interest rate.
  6. Personal Finance

    What is a Financial Institution?

    A financial institution is in business to, among other things, accept deposits, make loans, exchange currencies, and broker investment securities.
  7. Investing

    Up-to-Six-Figure Loans a Business Can Get – Fast

    The banking industry has invested a lot of money into shortening loan approval times from a few weeks to a few minutes, but should you dive in?
  8. Investing

    What's a Commercial Bank?

    A commercial bank is a type of financial institution that accepts deposits, offers checking account services, makes business, personal and mortgage loans; and offers basic financial products ...
  9. Insights

    An Introduction to Government Loans

    Government loans further policymakers' efforts to create positive social outcomes by offering timely access to capital for qualified candidates.
  10. Personal Finance

    Explaining the Federal Discount Rate

    The federal discount rate is the rate at which eligible banks or other depository institutions can borrow funds from a Federal Reserve bank.
RELATED FAQS
  1. What are the similarities and differences between the savings and loan (S&L) crisis ...

    Learn about some of the similarities and differences between the savings and loan crisis and the subprime mortgage crisis ... Read Answer >>
  2. How do commercial banks make money?

    Learn the different ways commercial banks make money, including interest from loan products and banking fees charged to customers. Read Answer >>
  3. What measures could the U.S. Government take to prevent another crisis similar to ...

    Discover what measures the U.S. government could take to prevent another crisis similar to the S&L crisis. The S&L crisis ... Read Answer >>
  4. How does investment banking differ from commercial banking?

    Discover how investment banking differs from commercial banking, the responsibilities of each and how the two can be combined ... Read Answer >>
  5. What are the major categories of financial institutions and what are their primary ...

    Understand the various types of financial institutions that exist in today's economy, and learn the purpose each serves in ... Read Answer >>
  6. What is the difference between a savings & loan company and a bank?

    Find out how a savings and loan company, sometimes also known as a thrift or savings institution, focuses on different types ... Read Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. Davos World Economic Forum

    The annual meeting of the World Economic Forum hosted at Davos—a small ski town in Switzerland—in January each year is among ...
  2. Smart Home

    A convenient home setup where appliances and devices can be automatically controlled remotely from anywhere in the world ...
  3. Efficient Frontier

    A set of optimal portfolios that offers the highest expected return for a defined level of risk or the lowest risk for a ...
  4. Basis Point (BPS)

    A unit that is equal to 1/100th of 1%, and is used to denote the change in a financial instrument. The basis point is commonly ...
  5. Initial Public Offering - IPO

    The first sale of stock by a private company to the public. IPOs are often issued by smaller, younger companies seeking the ...
  6. Border Adjustment Tax

    A tax levied on goods based on where they are sold – exported goods are exempt from tax; those imported and sold in the ...
Trading Center