General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade - GATT


DEFINITION of 'General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade - GATT'

A treaty created following the conclusion of World War II. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was implemented to further regulate world trade to aide in the economic recovery following the war. GATT's main objective was to reduce the barriers of international trade through the reduction of tariffs, quotas and subsidies.


Loading the player...

BREAKING DOWN 'General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade - GATT'

Formed in 1947 and signed into international law on January 1, 1948, GATT remained one of the focal features of international trade agreements until it was replaced by the creation of the World Trade Organization on January 1, 1995. The foundation for GATT was laid by the proposal of the International Trade Organization in 1945, however the ITO was never completed.

  1. Tariff

    A tax imposed on imported goods and services. Tariffs are used ...
  2. Trade Liberalization

    The removal or reduction of restrictions or barriers on the free ...
  3. Terms of Trade - TOT

    The value of a country's exports relative to that of its imports. ...
  4. Group Of Twenty - G-20

    A group of finance ministers and central bank governors from ...
  5. World Trade Organization - WTO

    An international organization dealing with the global rules of ...
  6. Trade

    A basic economic concept that involves multiple parties participating ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)

    The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade was a treaty created after World War II that regulated world trade in an effort to aide economic recovery.
  2. Economics

    The Dark Side Of The WTO

    The World Trade Organization has its share of detractors. Find out why this international entity has such harsh critics.
  3. Economics

    What Is The World Trade Organization?

    The WTO sets the global rules of trade. But what exactly does it do and why do so many oppose it?
  4. Economics

    Investing Opportunities as Central Banks Diverge

    After the Paris attacks investors are focusing on central bank policy and its potential for divergence: tightened by the Fed while the ECB pursues easing.
  5. Economics

    Understanding Donald Trump's Stance on China

    Find out why China bothers Donald Trump so much, and why the 2016 Republican presidential candidate argues for a return to protectionist trade policies.
  6. Markets

    Will Paris Attacks Undo the European Union Dream?

    Last Friday's attacks in Paris are transforming the migrant crisis into an EU security threat, which could undermine the European Union dream.
  7. Investing

    World Bank Data For Dummies

    Developing countries can't always afford to track the data crucial to setting the right economic policies and programs. That's where the World Bank steps in.
  8. Economics

    Currency Swap Basics

    A currency swap involves two parties exchanging a notional principal and interest to gain exposure to a desired currency.
  9. Economics

    Explaining Devaluation

    Devaluation is the deliberate decrease in one county’s currency relative to the currency of other countries.
  10. Economics

    What is Dumping?

    Dumping refers to exporting a good at a lower price than the price charged for the good at home.
  1. How do you make working capital adjustments in transfer pricing?

    Transfer pricing refers to prices that a multinational company or group charges a second party operating in a different tax ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Marginal propensity to Consume (MPC) Vs. Save (MPS)

    Historically, because people in the United States have shown a higher propensity to consume, this is likely the more important ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. When do I need a letter of credit?

    A letter of credit, sometimes referred to as a documentary credit, acts as a promissory note from a financial institution, ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. When has the United States run its largest trade deficits?

    In macroeconomics, balance of trade is one of the leading economic metrics that determines the trading relationship of a ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Which is more important to a nation's economy, the balance of trade or the balance ...

    There is no question the composition of a country's balance of payments is more important than its balance of trade. This ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the difference between cost and freight (CFR) and cost, insurance and freight ...

    The difference between cost and freight (CFR) and cost, insurance and freight (CIF) is essentially the requirement under ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Barefoot Pilgrim

    A slang term for an unsophisticated investor who loses all of his or her wealth by trading equities in the stock market. ...
  2. Quick Ratio

    The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet ...
  3. Black Tuesday

    October 29, 1929, when the DJIA fell 12% - one of the largest one-day drops in stock market history. More than 16 million ...
  4. Black Monday

    October 19, 1987, when the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) lost almost 22% in a single day. That event marked the beginning ...
  5. Monetary Policy

    Monetary policy is the actions of a central bank, currency board or other regulatory committee that determine the size and ...
  6. Indemnity

    Indemnity is compensation for damages or loss. Indemnity in the legal sense may also refer to an exemption from liability ...
Trading Center