What does 'Give Up' mean
Give up is a procedure in securities or commodities trading where the executing broker places a trade on behalf of a second broker as if the second broker actually executed the trade. This is usually done because a broker cannot place a trade for a client based on other workplace obligations. To ensure the trade is executed in a timely fashion, a request is made of another broker to place the trade on behalf of the first broker.
BREAKING DOWN 'Give Up'On the record books, the trade shows the information for the client's broker, not the executing broker. Thus, the broker of the client and the broker on the other side of the trade receive the commission, while the executing trader gets nothing. The process is referred to as a give up because the trader who executes the trade gives up the associated credit for the purchase or sale; the executing trader also gives up the associated commission.
The act of performing a trade in the name of another broker is generally considered a professional courtesy. In regards to the reimbursement of a broker for services rendered, the payment of services associated with a give up functions within an area that is not clearly defined.
Parties Involved in the Trade
While a standard trade often involves two parties – the buying broker and the selling broker – a give up involves at least one other person who executes the trade on the behalf of one of the two aforementioned brokers. In cases where both the original buying and selling brokers are otherwise obligated, it is possible for a fourth party to become involved if the buying broker and the selling broker each ask separate traders to act on their behalf. This would result in a give up on the selling side and on the buying side.
Example of a Give Up Scenario
Broker X gets a buy order from a client but is currently indisposed. To place the trade in a timely fashion, Broker X asks Floor Broker Y to place the order in his place. Broker Y then buys the stock on behalf of the client of Broker X.
Although Floor Broker Y places the trade, he must give up the transaction and record it as if Broker X placed the trade, since the trade was conducted on behalf of the client of Broker X. Thus, the transaction is recorded as if Broker X made the trade, even though Floor Broker Y executed the trade.