Going Private

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DEFINITION of 'Going Private'

A transaction or a series of transactions that convert a publicly traded company into a private entity. Once a company goes private, its shareholders are no longer able to trade their stocks in the open market. Private equity firms will typically purchase a struggling company, make it into a private entity, reorganize its capital structure, and issue stocks once a profit can be realized.

BREAKING DOWN 'Going Private'

A company typically goes private when its stakeholders decide that there are no longer significant benefits to be garnered as a public company. Privatization will usually arise either when a company's management wants to buy out the public shareholders and take the company private (a management buyout), or when a company or individual makes a tender offer to buy most or all of the company's stock. Going private transactions generally involve a significant amount of debt.


Companies are often taken private when they need time to restructure their debt or operations prior to becoming a public corporation once again.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. If I reject the tender offer for acquisition of the stock that I own in a company ...

    Since the passing of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, a significant number of public companies have chosen to go private. The reasons ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How long does it take to execute an M&A deal?

    Even the simplest merger and acquisition (M&A) deals are challenging. It takes a lot for two previously independent enterprises ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What happens to the shares of stock purchased in a tender offer?

    The shares of stock purchased in a tender offer become the property of the purchaser. From that point forward, the purchaser, ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are some common accretive transactions?

    The term "accretive" is most often used in reference to mergers and acquisitions (M&A). It refers to a transaction that ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What does residual value represent in a private equity investment?

    It is common to see a private equity investment's net asset value, or NAV, referred to as its residual value, since it represents ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Are companies with high Book Value Of Equity Per Share (BVPS) takeover targets?

    Companies with high book value of equity per share (BVPS) can be good takeover targets if those companies are public and ... Read Full Answer >>

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