Grantor Retained Annuity Trust - GRAT

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DEFINITION of 'Grantor Retained Annuity Trust - GRAT'

An estate planning technique that minimizes the tax liability existing when intergenerational transfers of estate assets occur. Under these plans, an irrevocable trust is created for a certain term or period of time. The individual establishing the trust pays a tax when the trust is established. Assets are placed under the trust and then an annuity is paid out every year. When the trust expires the beneficiary receives the assets tax free.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Grantor Retained Annuity Trust - GRAT'

Under these plans, the annuity payments come from interest earned on the assets underlying the trust or as a percentage of the total value of the assets. If the individual who establishes the trust dies before the trust expires the assets become part of the taxable estate of the individual, and the beneficiary receives nothing.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Estate Planning

    The collection of preparation tasks that serve to manage an individual's ...
  2. Estate Tax

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  4. Irrevocable Trust

    A trust that can't be modified or terminated without the permission ...
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RELATED FAQS
  1. What does U.S. law say about contingent beneficiaries?

    In the United States, posthumous asset transfers only require the listing of a primary beneficiary. Contingent beneficiaries ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How do I change my contingent beneficiary?

    Keeping your beneficiary designations up to date is an important aspect of comprehensive estate planning. Listing a primary ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What kinds of assets can be included in a revocable trust?

    A revocable trust is an important part of estate planning. The trust document allows a living grantor to receive income from ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How do you set up a revocable trust?

    A revocable living trust (RLT) is an arrangement in which a grantor transfers ownership of property through a trust. The ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Is an annuity a perpetuity?

    An annuity can be a perpetuity, depending on how it is set up. An annuity is an investment that makes regular payments throughout ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What types of insurance policies have contingent beneficiaries?

    A contingent beneficiary is a person designated to receive the benefits of an insurance policy or retirement account if the ... Read Full Answer >>
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