Gross-Income Test


DEFINITION of 'Gross-Income Test'

One of the five necessary tests that dependents must pass before they can be claimed as such in the U.S. The gross-income test mandates that dependents cannot earn more than a certain amount each year. This test only applies to potential dependents that are over the age of 18 (or 23 if he or she is a full-time student).

BREAKING DOWN 'Gross-Income Test'

The amount that a potential dependent can earn is indexed for inflation each year. For 2008, the limit was $3,500, equal to the dependency exemption amount. If this criterion is met, the other four tests for dependency are then applied.

  1. Income

    Money that an individual or business receives in exchange for ...
  2. Relationship Test

    One of several tests that a person must pass in order to be claimed ...
  3. Child Tax Credit

    A credit given to taxpayers for each dependent child that is ...
  4. Dependent

    An individual whom a taxpayer can claim for credits and/or exemptions. ...
  5. Gross Income

    1. An individual's total personal income before taking taxes ...
  6. Total Revenue Test

    A test that approximates the price elasticity of demand by comparing ...
Related Articles
  1. Taxes

    Next Season, File Taxes On Your Own

    Master these fundamentals and you'll be doing your own taxes with minimal stress.
  2. Taxes

    Avoid The Social Security Tax Trap

    Government benefits can cost you big money! Know the income thresholds before you file.
  3. Taxes

    An Overview Of Itemized Deductions

    Not taking the standard deduction this year could save you hundreds of dollars.
  4. Retirement

    Too Much Debt For A Mortgage?

    Just because a lender is willing to offer you a loan doesn't mean you should take it.
  5. Retirement

    How Are 401(k) Withdrawals Taxed for Nonresidents?

    As a U.S. nonresident, deciding what to do with your 401(k) after you return home comes down to which tax penalties, if any, you're willing to incur.
  6. Taxes

    Here's How to Deduct Your Stock Losses From Your Tax Bill

    Learn the proper procedure for deducting stock investing losses, and get some tips on how to strategically take losses to lower your income tax bill.
  7. Retirement

    Why Some Celebs Say 'No Inheritance for My Kids'

    To some of the super rich, inherited wealth is not the ultimate gift, it's a burden. Here's how their children—as well as charities—stand to benefit.
  8. Retirement

    What to Do When Your Doctor Doesn't Take Medicare

    Stay and pay the full fee? Cut and run to another provider? Five ways to cope when Medicare threatens to break up you and your medico.
  9. Taxes

    The 5 Countries Without Income Taxes

    Discover information on some of the best countries to consider relocating to that offer the financial benefit of charging no income tax.
  10. Personal Finance

    Top Resorts for Multigenerational Family Vacations

    After a week at one of these resorts that cater to families of all ages, you might swear off those exhausting road trips to Grandma’s for good.
  1. Why is the Cayman Islands considered a tax haven?

    The Cayman Islands is one of the most well-known tax havens in the world. Unlike most countries, the Cayman Islands does ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Why is Luxembourg considered a tax haven?

    Luxembourg has been the tax haven of choice for many corporations and mega-rich individuals around the world since the 197 ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Why is Panama considered a tax haven?

    The Republic of Panama is considered one of the most well-established pure tax havens in the Caribbean due to extensive legislation ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Why is Andorra considered a tax haven?

    Andorra is one of many locations around the globe considered a tax haven because of its relatively lenient tax laws. However, ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Do financial advisors prepare tax returns for clients?

    Financial advisors engage in a wide variety of financial areas, including tax return preparation and tax planning for their ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the difference between comprehensive income and gross income?

    Comprehensive income and gross income are similar, but comprehensive income is a specific term used on a company's financial ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Capitalization Rate

    The rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the income that the property is expected to generate.
  2. Gross Profit

    A company's total revenue (equivalent to total sales) minus the cost of goods sold. Gross profit is the profit a company ...
  3. Revenue

    The amount of money that a company actually receives during a specific period, including discounts and deductions for returned ...
  4. Normal Profit

    An economic condition occurring when the difference between a firm’s total revenue and total cost is equal to zero.
  5. Operating Cost

    Expenses associated with the maintenance and administration of a business on a day-to-day basis.
  6. Cost Of Funds

    The interest rate paid by financial institutions for the funds that they deploy in their business. The cost of funds is one ...
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!