Hard Money


DEFINITION of 'Hard Money'

1. Funding by a government or organization that is repetitive, rather than a one-time grant. Examples include ongoing government daycare subsidies or firms that pay annual scholarships to post-secondary students.

2. Describes gold/silver/platinum (bullion) coins. A government that uses a hard money policy backs the value of the currency it uses with a hard, tangible and lasting material that will retain its relative value over time.


1. Governments and organizations prefer hard money because it provides a predictable stream of funds.

2. For example, in the early 1900s, the U.S. dollar was backed by the value of gold. Today, most countries use fiat money, which is made legal tender by government decree but has no intrinsic value of its own.

  1. Currency

    Currency is a generally accepted form of money, including coins ...
  2. Fiat Money

    Currency that a government has declared to be legal tender, but ...
  3. Worn Currency

    Currency notes that are torn, damaged or badly soiled. Banks ...
  4. Bullion

    Gold and silver that is officially recognized as being at least ...
  5. Hard Currency

    A currency, usually from a highly industrialized country, that ...
  6. Gold Standard

    A monetary system in which a country's government allows its ...
Related Articles
  1. Budgeting

    The Gold Standard Revisited

    Think the value of gold is unshakable? Read this chronicle of its rise and fall.
  2. Economics

    What Is Money?

    It's a part of everyone's life, and we all want it, but do you know how it gains value and how it is created?
  3. Investing

    Time to Bring Active Back into a Portfolio?

    While stocks have rallied since the economic recovery in 2009, many active portfolio managers have struggled to deliver investor returns in excess.
  4. Investing Basics

    Why Interest Rates Affect Everyone

    Learn why interest rates are one of the most important economic variables and how every individual and business is affected by rate changes.
  5. Economics

    Investing Opportunities as Central Banks Diverge

    After the Paris attacks investors are focusing on central bank policy and its potential for divergence: tightened by the Fed while the ECB pursues easing.
  6. Investing

    The Hunger Games Economy: 5 Unanswered Questions About Panem

    The Hunger Games's fictitious nation of Panem has technology, black markets, and government. But, we know precious little about Panem's economy and the reasons for its rampant inequality.
  7. Economics

    Understanding Donald Trump's Stance on China

    Find out why China bothers Donald Trump so much, and why the 2016 Republican presidential candidate argues for a return to protectionist trade policies.
  8. Investing

    World Bank Data For Dummies

    Developing countries can't always afford to track the data crucial to setting the right economic policies and programs. That's where the World Bank steps in.
  9. Economics

    Explaining Devaluation

    Devaluation is the deliberate decrease in one county’s currency relative to the currency of other countries.
  10. Investing

    Is US Inflation Too Low?

    One reason the Fed has delayed its first rate hike: U.S. inflation has been persistently running below the stated 2 % level the central bank seeks to target.
  1. What is the difference between "hard money" and "soft money"?

    Hard money and soft money are terms that are often used to describe coin money and paper money, respectively. However, these ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How do you make working capital adjustments in transfer pricing?

    Transfer pricing refers to prices that a multinational company or group charges a second party operating in a different tax ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Marginal propensity to Consume (MPC) Vs. Save (MPS)

    Historically, because people in the United States have shown a higher propensity to consume, this is likely the more important ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Do lower interest rates increase investment spending?

    Lower Interest rates encourage additional investment spending, which gives the economy a boost in times of slow economic ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Who decides to print money in Russia?

    The Central Bank of the Russian Federation (CBRF), like its peers in most countries, is the governmental entity responsible ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Who decides to print money in Canada?

    In Canada, new money comes from two places: the Bank of Canada (BOC) and chartered banks such as the Toronto Dominion Bank ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Take A Flier

    The slang term for a decision to invest in highly speculative investments.
  2. Bar Chart

    A style of chart used by some technical analysts, on which, as illustrated below, the top of the vertical line indicates ...
  3. Take A Bath

    A slang term referring to the situation of an investor who has experienced a large loss from an investment or speculative ...
  4. Black Friday

    1. A day of stock market catastrophe. Originally, September 24, 1869, was deemed Black Friday. The crash was sparked by gold ...
  5. Turkey

    Slang for an investment that yields disappointing results or turns out worse than expected. Failed business deals, securities ...
  6. Barefoot Pilgrim

    A slang term for an unsophisticated investor who loses all of his or her wealth by trading equities in the stock market. ...
Trading Center