Heating Degree Day - HDD

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Heating Degree Day - HDD'

The number of degrees that a day's average temperature is below 65oFahrenheit (18o Celsius), the temperature below which buildings need to be heated. The price of weather derivatives traded in the winter is based on an index made up of monthly HDD values. The settlement price for a weather futures contract is calculated by summing HDD values for a month and multiplying that sum by $20.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Heating Degree Day - HDD'

To calculate HDD, take the average of a day's high and low temperatures and subtract from 65. For example, if the day's average temperature is 50o F, its HDD is 15. If every day in a 30-day month had an average temperature of 50o F, the month's HDD value would be 450 (15 x 30). The nominal settlement value for this month's weather derivative contract would therefore be $9,000 (450 x $20).

RELATED TERMS
  1. Weather Derivative

    An instrument used by companies to hedge against the risk of ...
  2. Settlement Price

    In derivatives markets, the price used for determining profit ...
  3. Commodity

    1. A basic good used in commerce that is interchangeable with ...
  4. Derivative

    A security whose price is dependent upon or derived from one ...
  5. Cooling Degree Day - CDD

    The number of degrees that a day's average temperature is above ...
  6. Futures Contract

    A contractual agreement, generally made on the trading floor ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. How is fair value calculated in the futures market?

    The fair value is the theoretical calculation of how a futures stock index contract should be valued considering the current ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What are the major types of insurance policies that insurance companies will offer?

    The principal commodities used in producing chemicals are oil, natural gas, coal and a wide variety of metals and minerals. ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the difference between speculation and hedging?

    Speculators and hedgers are different terms that describe traders and investors. Speculation involves trying to make a profit ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is the difference between underwriting and investment income for an insurance ...

    Underwriting and investing are two different methods an insurance company uses to generate income. The underwriting income ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are the benefits of using open interest as an indicator?

    Open interest is a good technical indicator of trends and trend reversals for derivative securities markets. The open interest ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How can I profit from a decline of stock prices in the insurance sector?

    Some of the methods of profiting from a decline in the insurance sector are shorting insurance stocks, shorting insurance ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Options & Futures

    Introduction To Weather Derivatives

    Learn about a financial instrument that makes temperature a tradable commodity.
  2. Insurance

    Futures Fundamentals

    For those who are new to futures but want a solid understanding of them, this tutorial explains what futures contracts are, how they work and why investors use them.
  3. Investing Basics

    Understanding Non-Deliverable Forward (NDF)

    A foreign exchange hedging strategy where the parties agree to settle the profit or loss in a foreign currency futures contract before the expiration date.
  4. Investing Basics

    Explaining Currency Swaps

    A swap that involves the exchange of principal and interest in one currency for the same in another currency.
  5. Investing Basics

    Understanding Notional Value

    This term is commonly used in the options, futures and currency markets because a very small amount of invested money can control a large position.
  6. Options & Futures

    How & Why Interest Rates Affect Futures

    There are at least four factors that affect change in futures prices, including risk free-interest rates, particularly in a no-arbitrage environment.
  7. Options & Futures

    An Introduction To Trading Silver Futures

    Silver Futures are becoming popular trading instruments. Here is a primer on how to trade them.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    The Top 3 Silver ETFs

    Like any tradable asset, silver and silver ETF prices are governed by the fundamental market economic forces of supply and demand.
  9. Active Trading Fundamentals

    Invest In Gold Through ETFs

    The mystique of the yellow metal captivates market players seeking hedges against inflationary pressure, safe haven in turbulent times and opportunities for speculative trading opportunities. ...
  10. Forex Strategies

    An Introduction To Trading Forex Futures

    We explain what forex futures are, where they are traded, and the tools you need to successfully trade these derivatives.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Unlevered Beta

    A type of metric that compares the risk of an unlevered company to the risk of the market. The unlevered beta is the beta ...
  2. Moving Average - MA

    A widely used indicator in technical analysis that helps smooth out price action by filtering out the “noise” from random ...
  3. Yield Curve

    A line that plots the interest rates, at a set point in time, of bonds having equal credit quality, but differing maturity ...
  4. Productivity

    An economic measure of output per unit of input. Inputs include labor and capital, while output is typically measured in ...
  5. Variance

    The spread between numbers in a data set, measuring Variance is calculated by taking the differences between each number ...
  6. Terminal Value - TV

    The value of a bond at maturity, or of an asset at a specified, future valuation date, taking into account factors such as ...
Trading Center