Home Market Effect

Definition of 'Home Market Effect'


The notion that, when it is fiscally prudent, a company or industry will often base itself in the country where the majority of its goods are consumed in order to minimize shipping costs. The Home Market Effect suggests that there is a link between market size and exports that is not accounted for by other international trade models based strictly on comparative advantage. The Home Market Effect is part of a broader set of "New Trade Theory" models that seek to explain why and how international trade takes place.

Investopedia explains 'Home Market Effect'


The Home Market Effect was primarily developed by Paul Krugman, a Nobel Prize-winning economist and Professor of Economics and International Affairs at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University, as an alternative to the Linder hypothesis. The Home Market Effect and other New Trade Theory models help to explain why more populated regions often host a disproportionate share of producers. The Home Market Effect refutes Staffan Burenstam Linder's claim that differences in countries' preferences hinder trade.



comments powered by Disqus
Hot Definitions
  1. Market Segmentation

    A marketing term referring to the aggregating of prospective buyers into groups (segments) that have common needs and will respond similarly to a marketing action. Market segmentation enables companies to target different categories of consumers who perceive the full value of certain products and services differently from one another.
  2. Effective Annual Interest Rate

    An investment's annual rate of interest when compounding occurs more often than once a year. Calculated as the following:
  3. Debit Spread

    Two options with different market prices that an investor trades on the same underlying security. The higher priced option is purchased and the lower premium option is sold - both at the same time. The higher the debit spread, the greater the initial cash outflow the investor will incur on the transaction.
  4. Odious Debt

    Money borrowed by one country from another country and then misappropriated by national rulers. A nation's debt becomes odious debt when government leaders use borrowed funds in ways that don't benefit or even oppress citizens. Some legal scholars argue that successor governments should not be held accountable for odious debt incurred by earlier regimes, but there is no consensus on how odious debt should actually be treated.
  5. Takeover

    A corporate action where an acquiring company makes a bid for an acquiree. If the target company is publicly traded, the acquiring company will make an offer for the outstanding shares.
  6. Harvest Strategy

    A strategy in which investment in a particular line of business is reduced or eliminated because the revenue brought in by additional investment would not warrant the expense. A harvest strategy is employed when a line of business is considered to be a cash cow, meaning that the brand is mature and is unlikely to grow if more investment is added.
Trading Center