Horizontal Acquisition

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DEFINITION of 'Horizontal Acquisition'

The acquisition of one company by another in the same industry. The new combined entity may be in a better competitive position than the standalone companies that were combined to form it. Horizontal acquisitions expand the capacity of the acquirer, but the basic business operations remain the same.

BREAKING DOWN 'Horizontal Acquisition'

The companies involved in a horizontal acquisition generally produce the same goods or services. In a vertical acquisition, on the other hand, the two companies would be in the same industry but at different stages of the production cycle. For example, an acquisition of one energy producer by its larger rival would be a horizontal acquisition, but the acquisition of an oil refining company by an energy producer would be a vertical acquisition.

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RELATED FAQS
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    The term "accretive" is most often used in reference to mergers and acquisitions (M&A). It refers to a transaction that ... Read Full Answer >>
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    While there are many ways to make a distribution channel more efficient, the three high-level ways to increase the efficiency ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How is a tender offer used by an individual, group or company seeking to purchase ...

    A tender offer is made directly to shareholders in a publicly traded company to gain enough shares to force a sale of the ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How does a company record profits using the equity method?

    A company that invests in another company and has majority control of it would record profits using the equity method. This ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How does horizontal integration allow companies to share resources?

    In a horizontal integration, a company either acquires another company or merges with that company. This allows the resulting ... Read Full Answer >>

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