Hostile Takeover Bid

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DEFINITION of 'Hostile Takeover Bid'

An attempt to take over a company without the approval of the company's board of directors. When vying for control of a publicly-traded firm, the acquirer attempting the hostile takeover may proceed to bypass board approval in one of two ways typically.


First, the acquirer may attempt to buy enough shares of the company in order to acquire a controlling interest in the firm. Second, the acquirer may instead try to persuade existing shareholders to vote in a new board which will accept the takeover offer.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Hostile Takeover Bid'

It is often difficult to acquire a controlling interest in a publicly-traded firm. Such a bid requires a large amount of capital and a good strategy to avoid bidding up the price too high. There are two main tactics employed to acquire a controlling interest. First, the acquirer may make a tender offer to the company's shareholders, pledging to buy shares of the company for a set price above the prevailing market price. Alternatively, an acquirer may wish to accumulate shares by buying directly in the market. However, this buying may cause a sharp increase in the stock price.


In either case, the acquirer must pay a premium over the market price to gain control over the firm.



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RELATED FAQS
  1. Under what circumstances might a company decide to do a hostile takeover?

    A company may decide to attempt a hostile takeover if the target company's board of directors is not open to negotiations ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. If a company offers a buyback of its shares, how do I decide whether to accept the ...

    Tender offers for share buybacks are often made at a premium to the current market price; it may be in an investor’s best ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How is a tender offer used by an individual, group or company seeking to purchase ...

    A tender offer is made directly to shareholders in a publicly traded company to gain enough shares to force a sale of the ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Why would it be in the interest of shareholders to accept a tender offer?

    It would be in the best interests of shareholders to accept a tender offer if it is well above the current market price – ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How does a company record profits using the equity method?

    A company that invests in another company and has majority control of it would record profits using the equity method. This ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What usually happens to the price of a stock when a tender offer for shares of the ...

    Usually, the price of a stock rises when a tender offer for shares of the company is made public. A tender offer is an offer ... Read Full Answer >>
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