Hypothecation

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Hypothecation'

The established practice of a borrower pledging an asset as collateral for a loan, while retaining ownership of the assets and enjoying the benefits therefrom. With hypothecation, the lender has the right to seize the asset if the borrower cannot service the loan as stipulated by the terms in the loan agreement. Hypothecation also refers to securities in a margin account that an investor uses as collateral to borrow funds from a brokerage.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Hypothecation'

Since the practice of hypothecation provides security to the lender because of the collateral pledged by the borrower, the lender generally offers the loan at a lower rate of interest than on an unsecured loan.

Mortgages and margin loans are the most common examples of hypothecation. While it enables the borrower to obtain loans on more favorable terms than unsecured loans, the borrower risks losing the asset if prices plunge precipitously and the loan cannot be serviced. For example, a record number of U.S. homeowners lost their homes to foreclosure in the wake of the 2006-08 housing collapse and financial crisis, as home prices plunged and interest rates on mortgages rose.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Mortgage

    A debt instrument, secured by the collateral of specified real ...
  2. Collateral

    Property or other assets that a borrower offers a lender to secure ...
  3. Pledged Asset

    An asset that is transferred to a lender for the purpose of securing ...
  4. Rehypothecation

    The practice by banks and brokers of using, for their own purposes, ...
  5. Loan

    The act of giving money, property or other material goods to ...
  6. Placement Agent

    An intermediary who raises capital for investment funds.
RELATED FAQS
  1. Can small investors buy collateralized mortgage obligations (CMOs)?

    Collateralized mortgage obligations (CMOs), which are pools of mortgage-backed securities (MBS), are available to smaller ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the difference between an option-adjusted spread and a Z-spread in reference ...

    Unlike the Z-spread calculation, the option-adjusted spread takes into account how the embedded option in a bond can change ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What are some historical examples of debt securitization?

    The first debt securities were probably sovereign debt assets that were transferred from the British government to mercantilist ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What price-to-book ratio is considered average in the chemicals sector?

    You can use Microsoft Excel to calculate the loan-to-value ratio if you have the mortgage amount and appraised value of a ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How can I use the correlation coefficient to predict returns in the stock market?

    Simple interest is most commonly seen in short-term loans, such as those from payday lenders or pawn shops. You might see ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How does an insurance broker make money?

    An insurance broker makes money off commissions from selling insurance to individuals or businesses. Most commissions are ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Budgeting

    Mortgages: How Much Can You Afford?

    Answering this means number-crunching as well as factoring in other considerations and expenses.
  2. Home & Auto

    When (And When Not) To Refinance Your Mortgage

    There are both good and bad reasons to refinance. Learn more about both here.
  3. Options & Futures

    Top 7 Most Common Financial Mistakes

    Choose fortune over disaster by avoiding these money traps.
  4. Home & Auto

    What Are The Tax Advantages Of Buying A Home?

    Don't forget these deductions and credits that homeowners can use to reduce their tax bill.
  5. Professionals

    Top Strategies on How to Become a Stock Broker

    Gunning to be a stock broker and want an edge? Here's some veteran advice.
  6. Trading Systems & Software

    Steps to Starting Up an Independent Broker Dealer

    Launching your own broker-dealer is a lot of work, but the potential payoff is great, both personally and financially.
  7. Credit & Loans

    How To Finance Foreign Real Estate

    If you don't pay cash, financing real estate abroad is likely to cost more than at home. Watch for local laws and be sure your rights are protected.
  8. Credit & Loans

    Save? (Or Prepay Your Mortgage Or Student Loan?)

    With low-interest rate loans, you might be better off paying just your monthly minimum and investing whatever extra funds you have.
  9. Credit & Loans

    Not a U.S. Citizen? A Home Loan is Still Possible

    Many banks and mortgage companies offer conventional and FHA home loans to non-U.S. citizens, if they can verify their work history and financial status.
  10. Brokers

    Can Tradier's Brokerage API Replace Traditional Brokers?

    Tradier, an up-and-coming brokerage firm that’s carving a niche for itself as the world’s “first brokerage API company,” according to spokesperson Frances Del Valle.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Moving Average - MA

    A widely used indicator in technical analysis that helps smooth out price action by filtering out the “noise” from random ...
  2. Yield Curve

    A line that plots the interest rates, at a set point in time, of bonds having equal credit quality, but differing maturity ...
  3. Productivity

    An economic measure of output per unit of input. Inputs include labor and capital, while output is typically measured in ...
  4. Variance

    The spread between numbers in a data set, measuring Variance is calculated by taking the differences between each number ...
  5. Terminal Value - TV

    The value of a bond at maturity, or of an asset at a specified, future valuation date, taking into account factors such as ...
  6. Rule Of 70

    A way to estimate the number of years it takes for a certain variable to double. The rule of 70 states that in order to estimate ...
Trading Center