Impaired Asset

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Impaired Asset'

A company's asset that is worth less on the market than the value listed on the company's balance sheet. This will result in a write-down of that same asset account to the stated market price.

Accounts that are likely to be written down are the company's goodwill, accounts receivable and long-term assets.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Impaired Asset'

If the sum of all estimated future cash flows is less than the carrying value of the asset, then the asset would be considered impaired and would have to be written down to its fair value. Once an asset is written down, it may only be written back up under very few circumstances.

Firm's carrying goodwill on their books are required to make tests of impairment annually. Any impairments found will then be expensed on the company's income statement.

VIDEO

Loading the player...
RELATED TERMS
  1. Market Value

    The price an asset would fetch in the marketplace. Market value ...
  2. Goodwill

    An account that can be found in the assets portion of a company's ...
  3. Impaired Credit

    A deterioration in the creditworthiness of an individual or entity. ...
  4. Accounts Receivable - AR

    Money owed by customers (individuals or corporations) to another ...
  5. Carrying Value

    An accounting measure of value, where the value of an asset or ...
  6. Cash Flow

    1. A revenue or expense stream that changes a cash account over ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. How do you write off impaired assets from the financial statement?

    An accountant writes off an impaired asset by decreasing the book value of that asset on the company's balance sheet from ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the difference between called-up share capital and paid-up share capital?

    The difference between called-up share capital and paid-up share capital is investors have already paid in full for paid-up ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Why can additional paid in capital never have a negative balance?

    The additional paid-in capital figure on a company's balance sheet can never be negative because companies do not pay investors ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. When does the fixed charge coverage ratio suggest that a company should stop borrowing ...

    Since the fixed charge coverage ratio indicates the number of times a company is capable of making its fixed charge payments ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How does additional paid in capital affect retained earnings?

    Both additional paid-in capital and retained earnings are entries under the shareholders' equity section of a company's balance ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How often should a small business owner go through a bank reconciliation process?

    Small business owners should go through the bank reconciliation process at least monthly, and many business consultants recommend ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    What is an Impaired Asset?

    An impaired asset is one where the fair market value of the asset is less than the historical cost (or book value) of the asset.
  2. Forex Education

    Using The Price-To-Book Ratio To Evaluate Companies

    The P/B ratio can be an easy way to determine a company's value, but it isn't magic!
  3. Fundamental Analysis

    Impairment Charges: The Good, The Bad And The Ugly

    Impairment charge is a term for writing off worthless goodwill, but you need to know what its potential impact is on EPS.
  4. Markets

    How To Analyze A Company's Financial Position

    Find out how to calculate important ratios and compare them to market value.
  5. Fundamental Analysis

    Understanding Consolidated Financial Statements

    Consolidated financial statements are the combined financial statements of a parent company and its subsidiaries.
  6. Fundamental Analysis

    Explaining the Common Size Income Statement

    A common size income statement expresses each account as a percentage of net sales.
  7. Economics

    Understanding Historical Cost

    Historical cost equals the original purchase price of an asset recorded on a company’s balance sheet.
  8. Economics

    What's Recorded in a Cash Book?

    A cash book is an accounting book that records all cash receipts and cash payments before they’re recorded in a business’s general ledger.
  9. Economics

    Explaining Capital Reserve

    Capital reserve is an account on a company’s or municipality’s balance sheet that is dedicated to money reserved for long-term or large-scale projects.
  10. Economics

    Understanding Capital Investment

    Capital investment is a term that describes a company’s expenditures for long-term assets used in the operation of its business.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Nuncupative Will

    A verbal will that must have two witnesses and can only deal with the distribution of personal property. A nuncupative will ...
  2. OsMA

    An abbreviation for Oscillator - Moving Average. OsMA is used in technical analysis to represent the variance between an ...
  3. Investopedia

    One of the best-known sources of financial information on the internet. Investopedia is a resource for investors, consumers ...
  4. Unfair Claims Practice

    The improper avoidance of a claim by an insurer or an attempt to reduce the size of the claim. By engaging in unfair claims ...
  5. Killer Bees

    An individual or firm that helps a company fend off a takeover attempt. A killer bee uses defensive strategies to keep an ...
  6. Sin Tax

    A state-sponsored tax that is added to products or services that are seen as vices, such as alcohol, tobacco and gambling. ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!