Implementation Shortfall


DEFINITION of 'Implementation Shortfall'

In trading terms, the difference between the prevailing price or value when a buy or sell decision is made with regard to a security and the final execution price or value after taking into consideration all commissions, fees and taxes. As such, implementation shortfall is the sum of execution costs and the opportunity cost incurred in case of adverse market movement between the time of the trading decision and order execution.

BREAKING DOWN 'Implementation Shortfall'

In order to maximize the potential for profit, investors aim to keep implementation shortfall as low as possible. Investors have been helped in this endeavor over the past two decades by developments such as discount brokerages, online trading and access to real-time quotes and information.

  1. Execution

    The completion of a buy or sell order for a security. The execution ...
  2. Spread

    1. The difference between the bid and the ask price of a security ...
  3. Small Order Execution System - ...

    A computer network that automatically executed trades in Nasdaq ...
  4. Shortfall

    The amount by which a financial obligation or liability exceeds ...
  5. Slippage

    The difference between the expected price of a trade, and the ...
  6. Transaction Costs

    Expenses incurred when buying or selling securities. Transaction ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    The Basics Of The Bid-Ask Spread

    The bid-ask spread is essentially a negotiation in progress. To be successful, traders must be willing to take a stand and walk away in the bid-ask process through limit orders.
  2. Investing Basics

    Understanding Order Execution

    Find out the various ways in which a broker can fill an order, which can affect costs.
  3. Investing

    Tips For Investors In Volatile Markets

    Find out what to look out for when trading during market instability.
  4. Options & Futures

    Direct Access Trading Systems

    DATs can dramatically speed up order execution - find out how this system gives novice traders an edge.
  5. Investing

    How to Win More by Losing Less in Today’s Markets

    The further you fall, the harder it is to climb back up. It’s a universal truth that is painfully apparent in the investing world.
  6. Fundamental Analysis

    Value Investing Strategies in a Volatile Market

    Volatile markets are a scary time for uneducated investors, but value investors use volatile periods as an opportunity to buy stocks at a discount.
  7. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Using Short ETFs to Battle a Down Market

    Instead of selling your stocks to get gains, consider a short selling strategy, specifically one that uses short ETFs that help manage the risk.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    How to Lower Investment Account Fees in Retirement

    Retired investors need all the money they have, which is why they should keep an eye on investment fees, as high fees can lower returns.
  9. Investing Basics

    Calculating Capital Gains Yield

    Capital gains yield refers to a security’s appreciation or depreciation during the time it’s held.
  10. Investing Basics

    Why Use a Discount Broker?

    A discount broker is a stockbroker that does not offer clients investment advice, but trades shares for a smaller commission than a full-service broker.
  1. Do stop or limit orders protect you against gaps in a stock's price?

    Many individuals are hesitant to invest in the stock market because of the large gaps in prices talked about in the news. ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Where do penny stocks trade?

    Generally, penny stocks are traded through the use of the Over the Counter Bulletin Board (OTCBB) and through pink sheets. ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Where can I buy penny stocks?

    Some penny stocks, those using the definition of trading for less than $5 per share, are traded on regular exchanges such ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How does the stock market react to changes in the Federal Funds Rate?

    The stock market reacts to changes in the federal funds rate in various ways depending on where it is in the business cycle. ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are the requirements for being a Public Limited Company?

    The requirements for an entity to be considered a public limited company (PLC) include registration requirements, establishing ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How do I place an order to buy or sell shares?

    It is easy to get started buying and selling stocks, especially with the advancements in online trading since the turn of ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Capitalization Rate

    The rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the income that the property is expected to generate.
  2. Gross Profit

    A company's total revenue (equivalent to total sales) minus the cost of goods sold. Gross profit is the profit a company ...
  3. Revenue

    The amount of money that a company actually receives during a specific period, including discounts and deductions for returned ...
  4. Normal Profit

    An economic condition occurring when the difference between a firm’s total revenue and total cost is equal to zero.
  5. Operating Cost

    Expenses associated with the maintenance and administration of a business on a day-to-day basis.
  6. Cost Of Funds

    The interest rate paid by financial institutions for the funds that they deploy in their business. The cost of funds is one ...
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!