Income Fund

What is an 'Income Fund'

An income fund is a type of mutual fund that emphasizes current income, either on a monthly or quarterly basis, as opposed to capital appreciation. Such funds hold a variety of government, municipal and corporate debt obligations, preferred stock, money market instruments, and dividend-paying stocks.

BREAKING DOWN 'Income Fund'

Share prices of income funds are not fixed; they tend to fall when interest rates are rising and to increase when interest rates are falling. Generally, the bonds included in the portfolios of these funds are of investment grade. The other securities are of sufficient credit quality to assure a preservation of capital.

There are two popular high-risk funds that also focus mainly on income: high-yield bond funds and bank loan funds. The former invests primarily in corporate "junk" bonds and the latter in floating-rate loans issued by banks or other financial institutions.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Bond Fund

    A fund invested primarily in bonds and other debt instruments. ...
  2. Debt Fund

    An investment pool, such as a mutual fund or exchange-traded ...
  3. Growth And Income Fund

    A mutual fund or ETF that has a dual strategy of capital appreciation ...
  4. Money Market Fund

    An investment fund that holds the objective to earn interest ...
  5. Fund Of Funds

    A mutual fund that invests in other mutual funds. This method ...
  6. Capital Funding

    The money that lenders and equity holders provide to a business. ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing

    Advising FAs: Explaining Mutual Funds to a Client

    More than 80 million people, or half of the households in America, invest in mutual funds. No matter what type of investor you are, there is bound to be a mutual fund that fits your style.
  2. Retirement

    Analyzing The Best Retirement Plans And Investment Options: Mutual Funds

    What they are: A professionally managed pool of stocks, bonds and/or other instruments that is divided into shares and sold to investors. Pros: Diversification; liquidity; simplicity; ...
  3. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Protect Mutual Funds From a Volatile Market

    Learn about the best ways to invest in mutual funds, including which types of funds are safest, while still protecting your investment from market volatility.
  4. Mutual Funds

    What mutual funds are: Professionally managed pools of stocks, bonds and/or other instruments that are divided into shares and sold to investors. Pros: Diversification; liquidity; simplicity; ...
  5. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top 4 Conservative Allocation Mutual Funds (VTMFX, TAIAX)

    Discover the top-rated mutual funds in the conservative allocation category, and learn which investors can utilize them most effectively.
  6. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Make Sure You Avoid Adding These Mutual Funds to Your 401(k)

    Find out which five types of mutual funds you should avoid in your 401(k), including why buying this year's hottest fund is likely a losing bet.
  7. Bonds & Fixed Income

    The Top 5 Municipal Bond Funds for 2016

    Understand how the addition of municipal bond mutual funds can enhance a portfolio, and learn the top-rated municipal bond funds to consider for 2016.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    The 4 Best American Funds for Growth Investors in 2016

    Discover four excellent growth funds from American Funds, one of the country's premier mutual fund families with a history of consistent returns.
  9. Bonds & Fixed Income

    The Top 5 Global Bond Funds for 2016

    Learn about the top global bond funds for 2016. See how funds with longer maturities and duration have greater exposure to interest rate risk.
  10. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    A Guide For Picking Long Term Mutual Funds

    Learn about considerations for investors when buying shares in a mutual fund for a long-term investment, including fees, type of management and portfolio goals.
RELATED FAQS
  1. Can mutual funds only hold stocks?

    Learn about which types of mutual funds consist of only stocks, which may include stocks in addition to other assets and ... Read Answer >>
  2. Do mutual funds pay dividends or interest?

    Learn how and why mutual funds pay interest or dividends, including the different funds and which types generate each type ... Read Answer >>
  3. How can I find tax-exempt mutual funds?

    Learn about finding tax-free mutual funds at major investment firms, including how tax-free funds work and what you should ... Read Answer >>
  4. What is the difference between municipal bonds and standard money market funds?

    The primary difference between municipal bonds - also known as "munis" - and money market funds is that municipal bonds are ... Read Answer >>
  5. How do I judge a mutual fund's performance?

    Evaluate mutual fund performance utilizing resources such as Morningstar; compare the fund with others in its peer group ... Read Answer >>
  6. How do I calculate a bond's modified duration using Excel?

    Understand the benefits of investing in a money market mutual fund, and learn why investors use this type of account in volatile ... Read Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. MACD Technical Indicator

    Moving Average Convergence Divergence (or MACD) is a trend-following momentum indicator that shows the relationship between ...
  2. Over-The-Counter - OTC

    Over-The-Counter (or OTC) is a security traded in some context other than on a formal exchange such as the NYSE, TSX, AMEX, ...
  3. Quarter - Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4

    A three-month period on a financial calendar that acts as a basis for the reporting of earnings and the paying of dividends.
  4. Weighted Average Cost Of Capital - WACC

    Weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is a calculation of a firm's cost of capital in which each category of capital is ...
  5. Basis Point (BPS)

    A unit that is equal to 1/100th of 1%, and is used to denote the change in a financial instrument. The basis point is commonly ...
  6. Sharing Economy

    An economic model in which individuals are able to borrow or rent assets owned by someone else.
Trading Center