Incurred But Not Reported

Definition of 'Incurred But Not Reported'


A type of account frequently used in the insurance industry to refer to reserves that are established for claims and/or events that have transpired, but have not yet been reported to an insurance company. In these instances, an actuary will estimate the potential damages to a region; the insurance company may decide to set up reserves to allocate funds to those expected losses. To an actuary, these types of events and losses are said to have been incurred, but not reported.

Investopedia explains 'Incurred But Not Reported'


This term is frequently used by insurance companies, particularly along the East and Gulf Coasts of the United States, where hurricanes are common. After a storm hits, actuaries estimate the potential damage to infrastructure and the claims that may be anticipated. Based on this analysis, money is then set aside (in a reserve) to pay for claims. Again, in this example the actual losses have been incurred, but have not officially been reported.


Filed Under:

comments powered by Disqus
Hot Definitions
  1. Mortgage Modification

    A permanent change in a homeowner's home loan terms that makes the monthly loan payments affordable.
  2. Leveraged Benefits

    The use – by a business owner or professional practitioner – of their company’s receivables or current income to secure a loan whose proceeds then indirectly fund a retirement plan.
  3. Direct Consolidation Loan

    A loan that combines two or more federal education loans into a single loan. A Direct Consolidation Loan allows the borrower to make a single monthly payment. The loan is facilitated by the U.S. Department of Education and does not require borrowers to pay an application fee.
  4. Through Fund

    A type of target-date retirement fund whose asset allocation includes higher risk and potentially higher return investments "through" the fund's target date and beyond.
  5. Last In, First Out - LIFO

    An asset-management and valuation method that assumes that assets produced or acquired last are the ones that are used, sold or disposed of first.
  6. Variable Universal Life Insurance - VUL

    A form of cash-value life insurance that offers both a death benefit and an investment feature. The premium amount for variable universal life insurance (VUL) is flexible and may be changed by the consumer as needed, though these changes can result in a change in the coverage amount.
Trading Center