Index Futures


DEFINITION of 'Index Futures'

A futures contract on a stock or financial index. For each index there may be a different multiple for determining the price of the futures contract.

BREAKING DOWN 'Index Futures'

For example, the S&P 500 Index is one of the most widely traded index futures contracts in the U.S. Stock portfolio managers who want to hedge risk over a certain period of time often use S&P 500 futures to do so. By shorting these contracts, stock portfolio managers can protect themselves from the downside price risk of the broader market. However, by using this hedging strategy, if perfectly done, the manager's portfolio will not participate in any gains on the index; instead, the portfolio will lock in gains equivalent to the risk-free rate of interest.

Alternatively, stock portfolio managers can use index futures to increase their exposure to movements in a particular index, essentially leveraging their portfolios.

  1. Hedge

    Making an investment to reduce the risk of adverse price movements ...
  2. Index

    A statistical measure of change in an economy or a securities ...
  3. Futures

    A financial contract obligating the buyer to purchase an asset ...
  4. Standard & Poor's 500 Index - S&P ...

    An index of 500 stocks chosen for market size, liquidity and ...
  5. Index Option

    A financial derivative that gives the holder the right, but not ...
  6. Leverage

    1. The use of various financial instruments or borrowed capital, ...
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  1. How is the spot price related to a derivative's notional value?

    A derivative's notional value is directly related to the spot price of the security. To calculate the total value of a derivative ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What do the S&P, Dow and Nasdaq futures contracts represent?

    Every morning before North American stock exchanges begin trading, TV programs and websites providing financial information ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Do hedge funds invest in commodities?

    There are several hedge funds that invest in commodities. Many hedge funds have broad macroeconomic strategies and invest ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Can mutual funds invest in options and futures?

    Mutual funds invest in not only stocks and fixed-income securities but also options and futures. There exists a separate ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How do futures contracts roll over?

    Traders roll over futures contracts to switch from the front month contract that is close to expiration to another contract ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Why do companies enter into futures contracts?

    Different types of companies may enter into futures contracts for different purposes. The most common reason is to hedge ... Read Full Answer >>

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