Initial Offering Date


DEFINITION of 'Initial Offering Date '

1. The date at which a security is first made available for public purchase. The initial offering date is set during the underwriting process. For stocks, this marks the date of the initial public offering and the beginning of a quiet period, when insiders and underwriters cannot issue earnings forecasts or research reports on the company. This term also refers to the initial offering of shares in other assets, such as mutual funds and unit investment trusts (UITs).

BREAKING DOWN 'Initial Offering Date '

Historically, stocks have been underpriced leading up to the initial offering date. This can create pent-up demand for shares on the first day of trading, and creates profit potential for those who can subscribe to the issue before the initial offering date. However, buying on the date of offering can be very risky. Because only a small percentage of the outstanding shares (typically less than 25%) are eligible to trade on the first day, share prices can become volatile and more difficult to anticipate.

This same problem does not typically occur with shares of most other assets. Mutual fund or UIT shares are based on a portfolio of established securities with values that are already known in the market.

  1. Investment Bank - IB

    A financial intermediary that performs a variety of services. ...
  2. Window Of Opportunity

    A window of opportunity is a short time period during which an ...
  3. Secondary Market

    A market where investors purchase securities or assets from other ...
  4. Underwriting

    1. The process by which investment bankers raise investment capital ...
  5. Initial Public Offering - IPO

    The first sale of stock by a private company to the public. IPOs ...
  6. Intrinsic Value

    Intrinsic value is the actual value of a company or an asset ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    A Look At Primary And Secondary Markets

    Knowing how the primary and secondary markets work is key to understanding how stocks trade.
  2. Professionals

    Wanna Be A Bigwig? Try Investment Banking

    A career in this high-stress field can be very rewarding for the right person. Find out if you have what it takes.
  3. Investing Basics

    IPO Lock-Ups Stop Insider Selling

    Ownership plays a key role when companies go public. Find out how.
  4. Retirement

    IPO Basics Tutorial

    What's an IPO, and how did everybody get so rich off them during the dotcom boom? We give you the scoop.
  5. Investing

    How ETFs May Save You Thousands

    Being vigilant about the amount you pay and what you get for is important, but adding ETFs into the investment mix fits well with a value-seeking nature.
  6. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Mutual Funds Millennials Should Avoid

    Find out what kinds of mutual funds are unsuitable for millennial investors, especially when included in millennial retirement accounts.
  7. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top 3 Commodities Mutual Funds

    Get information about some of the most popular and best-performing mutual funds that are focused on commodity-related investments.
  8. Stock Analysis

    Is the Stock Market Crashing? 5 Signs to Consider

    Learn about some signs of a potential stock market crash including a high level of margin debt, lots of IPOs, M&A activity and technical factors.
  9. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top 5 Health Mutual Funds

    Learn about the top five mutual funds that invest in stocks of companies that primarily operate in the health care sector of the United States.
  10. Investing News

    Top Tips for Diversifying with Mutual Funds

    Are mutual funds becoming obsolete? If they have something to offer, which funds should you consider for diversification?
  1. How does an IPO get valued? What are some good methods for analyzing IPOs?

    The price of a financial asset traded on the market is set by the forces of supply and demand. Newly issued stocks are no ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What does 'going public' mean?

    Going public refers to a private company's initial public offering (IPO), thus becoming a publicly traded and owned entity. ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Why have mutual funds become so popular?

    Mutual funds have become an incredibly popular option for a wide variety of investors. This is primarily due to the automatic ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Do mutual funds pay dividends?

    Depending on the specific assets in its portfolio, a mutual fund may generate income for shareholders in the form of capital ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Can mutual funds invest in hedge funds?

    Mutual funds are legally allowed to invest in hedge funds. However, hedge funds and mutual funds have striking differences ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What are the risks of annuities in a recession?

    Annuities come in several forms, the two most common being fixed annuities and variable annuities. During a recession, variable ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Term Deposit

    A deposit held at a financial institution that has a fixed term, and guarantees return of principal.
  2. Zero-Sum Game

    A situation in which one person’s gain is equivalent to another’s loss, so that the net change in wealth or benefit is zero. ...
  3. Capitalization Rate

    The rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the income that the property is expected to generate.
  4. Gross Profit

    A company's total revenue (equivalent to total sales) minus the cost of goods sold. Gross profit is the profit a company ...
  5. Revenue

    The amount of money that a company actually receives during a specific period, including discounts and deductions for returned ...
  6. Normal Profit

    An economic condition occurring when the difference between a firm’s total revenue and total cost is equal to zero.
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!