Input-Output Analysis

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Input-Output Analysis'

Input-output analysis is an economics term that refers to the study of the effects that different sectors have on the economy as a whole, for a particular nation or region. This type of economic analysis was originally developed by Wassily Leontief (1905 – 1999), who later won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his work on this model. Input-output analysis allows the various relationships within an economic system to be analyzed as a whole, rather than individual components.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Input-Output Analysis'

Input-output analysis seeks to explain how one industry sector affects others in the same nation or region. The analysis illustrates that the output of one sector can in turn become an input for another sector, which results in an interlinked economic system. The analysis is represented as a matrix, where different rows and columns are filled with values representing the inputs and outputs of various sectors.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Mathematical Economics

    Mathematical economics is a discipline of economics that utilizes ...
  2. Wassily Leontief

    A Nobel Prize-winning American economist and professor. Wassily ...
  3. Rational Behavior

    A decision-making process that is based on making choices that ...
  4. Behavioral Finance

    A field of finance that proposes psychology-based theories to ...
  5. Economics

    A social science that studies how individuals, governments, firms ...
  6. Macroeconomics

    The field of economics that studies the behavior of the aggregate ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. How were the figures 80 and 20 arrived at in the 80-20 rule (Pareto Principle)?

    The 80-20 rule has its roots in early 20th century Italy. Economist Vilfredo Pareto – best known for the concepts of Pareto ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the utility function and how is it calculated?

    In economics, utility function is an important concept that measures preferences over a set of goods and services. Utility ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What does marginal utility tell us about consumer choice?

    In microeconomics, utility represents a way to relate the amount of goods consumed to the amount of happiness or satisfaction ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is the difference between JIT (just in time) and CMI (customer managed inventory)?

    Just-in-time (JIT) inventory management focuses solely on the need to replenish inventory only when it is required, reducing ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are some examples of Apple and Google's best-selling product lines?

    There are many good examples of product lines in the technology sector from some of the largest companies in the world, such ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is a negative write-off?

    A negative write-off is a write-off conducted by a company or accountant after deciding not to pay back an individual or ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Fundamental Analysis

    How Influential Economists Changed Our History

    Find out how these five groundbreaking thinkers laid our financial foundations.
  2. Options & Futures

    Nobel Winners Are Economic Prizes

    Before you try to profit from their theories, you should learn about the creators themselves.
  3. Economics

    A Practical Look At Microeconomics

    Learn how individual decision-making turns the gears of our economy.
  4. Economics

    Why Can't Economists Agree?

    There are many reasons why economists can be given the same data and come up with entirely different conclusions.
  5. Personal Finance

    Microeconomics

    This tutorial teaches the basics of one of the most important economic topics. A must for all investors.
  6. Economics

    Understanding the Product Life Cycle

    Product life cycle is the period of time during which a product is conceived and developed, brought to market and eventually removed from the market.
  7. Economics

    What's a Centrally Planned Economy?

    A centrally planned economy is one where the government controls the country’s supply and demand of goods and services.
  8. Economics

    What are Barriers to Entry?

    A barrier to entry is any obstacle that restricts or impedes a company’s efforts to enter an industry.
  9. Economics

    Explaining Aggregate Supply

    Aggregate supply is the total supply of goods and services an economy produces in a given time period.
  10. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: SPDR S&P 500 Trust

    Find out more about the SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust, the characteristics of the exchange traded fund and the suitability of investing in the fund.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Hedging Transaction

    A type of transaction that limits investment risk with the use of derivatives, such as options and futures contracts. Hedging ...
  2. Bogey

    A buzzword that refers to a benchmark used to evaluate a fund's performance. The benchmark is an index that reflects the ...
  3. Xetra

    An all-electronic trading system based in Frankfurt, Germany. Launched in 1997 and operated by the Deutsche Börse, the Xetra ...
  4. Nuncupative Will

    A verbal will that must have two witnesses and can only deal with the distribution of personal property. A nuncupative will ...
  5. OsMA

    An abbreviation for Oscillator - Moving Average. OsMA is used in technical analysis to represent the variance between an ...
  6. Investopedia

    One of the best-known sources of financial information on the internet. Investopedia is a resource for investors, consumers ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!