DEFINITION of 'International Competitive Bidding - ICB'
In financing arrangements involving the World Bank, a bidding process that requires the borrower to procure resources funded by its loan according to a number of specified conditions. ICB requires World Bank borrowers to internationally advertise the required goods or services funded by their loans, issue bids for advertisement in an acceptable international language and award contracts to the lowest acceptable bids, subject to certain considerations for qualitative judgment.
BREAKING DOWN 'International Competitive Bidding - ICB'
The goal of imposing an international competitive bidding requirement on loans issued by the World Bank is to promote fair and healthy competition for World Bank funded economic opportunities. The borrowing country in such an arrangement maintains a certain degree of freedom in selecting a winning bid for its projects, but it is expected that the lowest-priced, competitive bid be selected.