Inventory Accounting


DEFINITION of 'Inventory Accounting'

The body of accounting that deals with valuing and accounting for changes in inventoried assets. Changes in value can occur for a number of reasons including depreciation, deterioration, obsolescence, change in customer taste, increased demand, decreased market supply and so on.

BREAKING DOWN 'Inventory Accounting'

It is a requirement of GAAP that inventory be properly accounted for according to a very particular set of standards, so as to limit the potential of overstating profit by understating inventory value, and to limit the potential to overstate a company's value by overstating the value of inventory which has in fact materially depreciated in value.

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  3. Depreciation

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  4. Net Asset Value - NAV

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  5. Net Realizable Value - NRV

    The value of an asset that can be realized by a company or entity ...
  6. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ...

    The common set of accounting principles, standards and procedures ...
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  1. What is the difference between work in progress (WIP) and finished goods in accounting?

    Work in progress (WIP) and finished goods are broad classification terms used in accounting for inventory to specify the ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What are the generally accepted accounting principles for inventory reserves?

    As with most matters related to generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), accountants assigned with the task of applying ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Can working capital be depreciated?

    Working capital as current assets cannot be depreciated the way long-term, fixed assets are. In accounting, depreciation ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Do working capital funds expire?

    While working capital funds do not expire, the working capital figure does change over time. This is because it is calculated ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How much working capital does a small business need?

    The amount of working capital a small business needs to run smoothly depends largely on the type of business, its operating ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What does high working capital say about a company's financial prospects?

    If a company has high working capital, it has more than enough liquid funds to meet its short-term obligations. Working capital, ... Read Full Answer >>

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