Keogh Plan

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DEFINITION of 'Keogh Plan'

A tax deferred pension plan available to self-employed individuals or unincorporated businesses for retirement purposes. A Keogh plan can be set up as either a defined-benefit or defined-contribution plan, although most plans are defined contribution. Contributions are generally tax deductible up to 25% of annual income with a limit of $47,000 (as of 2007). Keogh plan types include money-purchase plans (used by high-income earners), defined-benefit plans (which have high annual minimums) and profit-sharing plans (which offer annual flexibility based on profits).

Also known as an HR(10) plan, Keogh plans can invest in the same set of securities as 401(k)s and IRAs, including stocks, bonds, certificates of deposit and annuities.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Keogh Plan'

Keogh plans were established through legislation by Congress in 1962 and were spearheaded by Eugene Keogh. As with other qualified retirement accounts, funds can be accessed as early as 59.5 and withdrawals must begin by age 70.5.

Keoghs are known to have more administrative burdens and higher upkeep costs than Simplified Employee Pension (SEP) plans, but the contribution limits are higher, making Keoghs a popular option for many business owners and proprietors.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. What is the difference between a Keogh and an IRA?

    The Keogh plan, or HR10, is an employer-funded, tax-deferred retirement plan designed for unincorporated businesses or self-employed ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. I am the beneficiary of an IRA and a Keogh. Can I combine them into one plan?

    It depends. If you are a "spouse beneficiary" for both the Keogh and the IRA, then you may transfer or roll over the inherited ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How do gains from my 401(k) figure into my taxable income?

    Capital gains from a 401(k) account figure into taxable income in that capital gains are taxed at the ordinary income rate ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Does my employer's matching contribution count towards the maximum I can contribute ...

    Contributions to 401(k) plans come from employee salary deferral and employer match dollars. According to the IRS, employees ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How much will an employer generally contribute to a 401(a) plan?

    The amount an employer contributes to an employee's 401(a) retirement savings plan can vary from plan to plan. 401(a) plans ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. When can benefits be received from a provident fund?

    Like most retirement savings vehicles, participants in provident funds are eligible to receive benefits at retirement. However, ... Read Full Answer >>
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