Laddering

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Laddering'

The promotion of inflated pre-IPO prices for the sake of obtaining a greater allotment of the offering. Laddering is an illegal IPO practice in which the underwriter engages in the sale of IPO shares to clients with the implicit agreement that more shares will be purchased post IPO, leading to big gains for both parties. Once the price increases a certain level, "insiders" then sell their shares and take their profits.

BREAKING DOWN 'Laddering'

An underwriter will push up the issue price of an IPO through promotion, in order to please the issuer and secure a larger allotment. By agreeing to allocate additional shares to choice clients, the underwriter and clients can make big gains on the IPO shares, while the firm offering shares in the IPO are happy with the underwriter for creating increased market value.




RELATED TERMS
  1. Annuity Ladder

    An investment strategy for retirees or near-retirees that entails ...
  2. Bond Ladder

    A portfolio of fixed-income securities in which each security ...
  3. Allotment

    During an IPO, this is the number of shares granted to each participating ...
  4. Overallotment

    An option commonly available to underwriters that allows the ...
  5. Underwriting

    1. The process by which investment bankers raise investment capital ...
  6. Initial Public Offering - IPO

    The first sale of stock by a private company to the public. IPOs ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Analyst Recommendations: Do Sell Ratings Exist?

    Analyst reports can be an investor's best friend - but without knowing how to read them, you won't be able to fully utilize them.
  2. Fundamental Analysis

    Interpreting A Company's IPO Prospectus Report

    Learn to decipher the secret language of the IPO prospectus report - it can tell you a lot about a company's future.
  3. Investing Basics

    5 Tips For Investing In IPOs

    Thinking of investing in IPOs? Here are five things to remember before jumping into these murky waters.
  4. Options & Futures

    The Chinese Wall Protects Against Conflicts Of Interest

    After the crash of 1929, this barrier helped define ethical limits, but it did little to prevent fraud.
  5. Retirement

    IPO Basics Tutorial

    What's an IPO, and how did everybody get so rich off them during the dotcom boom? We give you the scoop.
  6. Investing Basics

    If You Had Invested Right After Amazon's IPO

    Find out how much you would have made if you had invested $1,000 during Amazon's IPO, including how the power of the stock split affects investment growth.
  7. Stock Analysis

    Morgan Stanley's Profitablity: Bank on It (MS)

    The economy offers few certainties, but Morgan Stanley's profitability might be one of them.
  8. Stock Analysis

    6 Things to Know About Soul Cycle Stock

    Learn about SoulCycle and how it has found success. Understand six aspects of the company everyone should know before considering an investment in SoulCycle.
  9. Stock Analysis

    5 Things to Know About Neiman Marcus Stock

    Learn about Nieman Marcus and how it has become successful. Understand five aspects potential investors should know about the company.
  10. Stock Analysis

    5 Things to Know About Planet Fitness Stock

    Learn about Planet Fitness and how it has achieved success. Understand five aspects of the company that have made it an attractive investment.
RELATED FAQS
  1. What kind of assets can be traded on a secondary market?

    Virtually all types of financial assets and investing instruments are traded on secondary markets, including stocks, bonds, ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Why would a company decide to utilize H-shares over A-shares in its IPO?

    A company would decide to utilize H shares over A shares in its initial public offering (IPO) if that company believes it ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How do I place a buy limit order if I want to buy a stock during an initial public ...

    During an initial public offering, or IPO, a trader may place a buy limit order by choosing "Buy" and "Limit" in the order ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How do corporate actions affect floating stock?

    Corporate actions, defined as a company's actions that affect the amount of outstanding company stock shares, can either ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are the advantages and disadvantages of listing on the Nasdaq versus other stock ...

    The primary advantages for a company of listing on the Nasdaq exchange are lower listing fees and lower minimum requirements ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What securities does the primary market deal with?

    The primary market deals with all newly issued securities. When businesses, governments or other groups want to raise capital ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Dead Cat Bounce

    A temporary recovery from a prolonged decline or bear market, followed by the continuation of the downtrend. A dead cat bounce ...
  2. Bear Market

    A market condition in which the prices of securities are falling, and widespread pessimism causes the negative sentiment ...
  3. Alligator Spread

    An unprofitable spread that occurs as a result of large commissions charged on the transaction, regardless of favorable market ...
  4. Tiger Cub Economies

    The four Southeast Asian economies of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand. Tiger cub economy indicates that ...
  5. Gorilla

    A company that dominates an industry without having a complete monopoly. A gorilla firm has large control of the pricing ...
  6. Elephants

    Slang for large institutions that have the funds to make high volumes trades. Due to the large volumes of stock that elephants ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!