North American Loan Credit Default Swap Index - LCDX

AAA

DEFINITION of 'North American Loan Credit Default Swap Index - LCDX'

A specialized index of loan-only credit default swaps (CDS) covering 100 individual companies that have unsecured debt trading in the broad secondary markets. The LCDX is traded over the counter and is managed by a consortium of large investment banks, which provide liquidity and assist in pricing the individual credit default swaps.

The index begins with a fixed coupon rate (225 bps); trading moves the price and changes the yield, much like a standard bond. The index rolls every six months. Buyers of the index pay the coupon rate (and purchase the protection against credit events), while sellers receive the coupon and sell the protection. What is being protected is a "credit event" at the company, such as defaulting on a loan or declaring bankruptcy.

If a credit event occurs in one of the underlying companies, the protection is paid out via physical delivery of the debt or through a cash settlement between the two parties. The underlying company is then removed, and a new one is placed in the index to return it to 100 members.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'North American Loan Credit Default Swap Index - LCDX'

Credit default swaps essentially put a price on the risk of a particular debt issuer's default. Companies with strong credit ratings have low risk premiums, so protection can be purchased for a minimal fee, assessed as a percentage of the notional (dollar) amount of the underlying debt. Companies with low credit ratings cost more to protect against, and the credit default swaps covering them may cost several percentage points of the notional amount.

Minimum purchase amounts for the LCDX run in the millions, so most investors are large institutional firms who invest as either a hedge or a speculative play. The advantage is that one can gain access to a diversified group of companies for much less than purchasing the credit default swaps individually.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Cash Settlement

    A settlement method used in certain future and option contracts ...
  2. Coupon

    The interest rate stated on a bond when it's issued. The coupon ...
  3. Credit Default Swap - CDS

    A swap designed to transfer the credit exposure of fixed income ...
  4. Institutional Investor

    A non-bank person or organization that trades securities in large ...
  5. Recession

    A significant decline in activity across the economy, lasting ...
  6. Risk

    The chance that an investment's actual return will be different ...
Related Articles
  1. Insurance

    Dissecting The Bear Stearns Hedge Fund Collapse

    Learn how a deadly mix of greed and leverage cost investors millions.
  2. Junk bonds differ because of their issuers' credit quality.
    Bonds & Fixed Income

    Junk Bonds: Everything You Need To Know

    Don't be fooled by the name - junk bonds may be for you if you know how to analyze them.
  3. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Credit Default Swaps: An Introduction

    This derivative can help manage portfolio risk, but it isn't a simple vehicle.
  4. Options & Futures

    Practical And Affordable Hedging Strategies

    Learn how to find and use the most cost-effective ways to transfer risk.
  5. Options & Futures

    A Beginner's Guide To Hedging

    Learn how investors use strategies to reduce the impact of negative events on investments.
  6. Investing Basics

    The Most Popular Bitcoin Mining Software

    Success at mining bitcoins depends on the combination of time, knowledge, computer hardware and the complementary software.
  7. When trading in financial markets, higher returns are generally associated with higher risk. Hedge your risk with interest rate swaps.
    Investing Basics

    How Are Interest Rate Swaps Valued?

    When trading in financial markets, higher returns are generally associated with higher risk. Hedge your risk with interest rate swaps.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    What is the difference between a hedge fund and a private equity fund?

    Learn the primary differences between hedge funds and private equity funds, both of which are utilized by high net worth investors.
  9. With stocks surging, financial advisers and their wealthy clients are asking why they should continue to bother with poorly performing alternatives.
    Professionals

    Are Advisors Off Alternatives?

    With stocks surging, financial advisers and their wealthy clients are asking why they should continue to bother with poorly performing alternatives.
  10. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Where does a hedge fund get its money?

    Learn how a hedge fund is structured and how the managing partner of the fund goes about the process of finding and soliciting investors.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Christmas Island Dollar

    The former currency of Christmas Island, an Australian island in the Indian Ocean that was discovered on December 25, 1643. ...
  2. Santa Claus Rally

    A surge in the price of stocks that often occurs in the week between Christmas and New Year's Day. There are numerous explanations ...
  3. Commodity

    1. A basic good used in commerce that is interchangeable with other commodities of the same type. Commodities are most often ...
  4. Deferred Revenue

    Advance payments or unearned revenue, recorded on the recipient's balance sheet as a liability, until the services have been ...
  5. Multinational Corporation - MNC

    A corporation that has its facilities and other assets in at least one country other than its home country. Such companies ...
  6. SWOT Analysis

    A tool that identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of an organization. Specifically, SWOT is a basic, ...
Trading Center