Liar Loan

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Liar Loan'

A category of mortgages known as low-documentation or no-documentation mortgages that have been abused to the point where the loans are sometimes referred to as liar loans. On certain low-documentation loan programs, such as stated income/stated asset (SISA) loans, income and assets are simply stated on the loan application. On other loan programs, such as no income/no asset (NINA) loans, no income and assets are given on the loan application form. These loan programs open the door for unethical behavior by unscrupulous borrowers and lenders.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Liar Loan'

These loan programs are designed for borrowers who have a hard time producing income and asset verifying documents, such as prior tax returns, or who have untraditional sources of income, such as tips, or a personal business. These loans are called liar loans because the SISA or NINA features open the door for abuse when borrowers or their mortgage brokers or loan officers overstate income and/or assets in order to qualify the borrower for a larger mortgage.

Low-documentation mortgages usually fall into the Alt-A category of mortgage lending. Alt-A lending depends heavily on a borrower's credit score (FICO score) and the mortgage's loan-to-value ratio (LTV) as tools to determine the borrower's ability to repay the mortgage.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Subprime

    A classification of borrowers with a tarnished or limited credit ...
  2. Stated Income / Stated Asset Mortgage ...

    A type of reduced documentation mortgage program which allows ...
  3. Loan-To-Value Ratio - LTV Ratio

    A lending risk assessment ratio that financial institutions and ...
  4. No Income / No Asset Mortgage - ...

    A type of reduced documentation mortgage program in which no ...
  5. Alt-A

    A classification of mortgages where the risk profile falls between ...
  6. No Documentation Mortgage - No ...

    A type of reduced-documentation-required mortgage program in ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What role did securitization play in the U.S. subprime mortgage crisis?

    The securitization of subprime mortgages into mortgage-backed securities (MBS) and collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How often is interest compounded?

    Interest can be compounded on any given frequency schedule. Common interest compounding time frames are daily, monthly, semi-annually ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How does the loan-to-value ratio affect my mortgage payments?

    Several factors affect the mortgage rate you can obtain when you purchase a home. Lenders analyze credit histories and scores ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What's the difference between a collateralized debt obligation (CDO) and a collateralized ...

    A collateralized mortgage obligation, or CMO, is a type of mortgage-backed security (MBS) issued by an lender that handles ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the difference between a savings & loan company and a bank?

    Savings and loan (S&L) companies provide many of the same services to customers as banks, including deposits, loans, ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Why does the loan-to-value ratio matter?

    For mortgage lenders and borrowers, the loan-to-value ratio is an important factor in determining the repayment terms of ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    How Interest Rates Affect The Housing Market

    Understand how rate changes can affect home prices, and learn how you can keep up.
  2. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Profit From Mortgage Debt With MBS

    Mortgage-backed securities can offer monthly income, a fixed interest rate and even government backing.
  3. Credit & Loans

    Mortgage Points: What's The Point?

    Learn how to pay less for your home in the long run, or save in the short run.
  4. Budgeting

    Mortgages: How Much Can You Afford?

    Answering this means number-crunching as well as factoring in other considerations and expenses.
  5. Home & Auto

    The Benefits Of Mortgage Repayment

    Buying a home may be the biggest debt you'll ever incur. Learn why you should retire it sooner, rather than later.
  6. Budgeting

    Are You Living Too Close To The Edge?

    If a missed paycheck will make your finances cave in, you must learn how to make proper supports.
  7. Home & Auto

    Simple Ways To Invest In Real Estate

    Owning property isn't always easy, but there are plenty of perks. Find out how to buy in.
  8. Credit & Loans

    Understanding The Mortgage Payment Structure

    We explain the calculation and payment process as well as the amortization schedule of home loans.
  9. Credit & Loans

    Is It Worth Buying A Second Home To Rent?

    Mortgage interest rates are low, but consider these dos and don'ts before making the leap into rental property ownership.
  10. Credit & Loans

    How To Combine Two Mortgages Into One?

    If you have a second mortgage as well as a primary, does it make sense to consolidate into a single loan? Here's how to figure it out.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Venture-Capital-Backed IPO

    The selling to the public of shares in a company that has previously been funded primarily by private investors. The alternative ...
  2. Merger Arbitrage

    A hedge fund strategy in which the stocks of two merging companies are simultaneously bought and sold to create a riskless ...
  3. Market Failure

    An economic term that encompasses a situation where, in any given market, the quantity of a product demanded by consumers ...
  4. Unsystematic Risk

    Company or industry specific risk that is inherent in each investment. The amount of unsystematic risk can be reduced through ...
  5. Security Market Line - SML

    A line that graphs the systematic, or market, risk versus return of the whole market at a certain time and shows all risky ...
  6. Tangible Net Worth

    A measure of the physical worth of a company, which does not include any value derived from intangible assets such as copyrights, ...
Trading Center