LIFO Liquidation

AAA

DEFINITION of 'LIFO Liquidation'

When a company using the LIFO (Last In, First Out) method of inventory costing liquidates their older LIFO inventory. A LIFO liquidation would occur if current sales are higher than current purchases, as a result, any inventory not sold in previous periods must be liquidated.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'LIFO Liquidation'

Due to inflation and general price rises, the amount a company pays for its inventory will usually increase with time. If a company decides to perform a LIFO liquidation, the old costs will be matched with the current higher sales prices. Thus, a cost to using the LIFO liquidation method is higher tax liability if prices have risen since LIFO was adopted. The expected tax advantage of LIFO tunrs into a disadvantage because older, lower costs (of older inventory) are matched with current revenues. Another cost may be lost sales.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Voluntary Liquidation

    A corporate liquidation that has been approved by the shareholders ...
  2. Last In, First Out - LIFO

    An asset-management and valuation method that assumes that assets ...
  3. Inventory

    The raw materials, work-in-process goods and completely finished ...
  4. Net Income - NI

    1. A company's total earnings (or profit). Net income is calculated ...
  5. Inflation

    The rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services ...
  6. First In, First Out - FIFO

    An asset-management and valuation method in which the assets ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. How is minimum transfer price calculated?

    A company that transfers goods between multiple divisions needs to establish a transfer price so that each division can track ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What Book Value Of Equity Per Share (BVPS) ratio indicates a buy signal?

    Book value of equity per share (BVPS) is a ratio used in fundamental analysis to compare the amount of a company's shareholders' ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the effective interest method of amortization?

    The effective interest method is an accounting practice used for discounting a bond. This method is used for bonds sold at ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What does an unfavorable variance indicate to management?

    In managerial accounting, an unfavorable variance is discovered when a company's management performs a comparison between ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Is there a way to include intangible assets in book-to-market ratio calculations?

    The book-to-market ratio is used in fundamental analysis to identify whether a company's securities are overvalued or undervalued. ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What are some of the limitations and drawbacks of using a payback period for analysis?

    Limitations, or disadvantages, of using the payback period method in capital budgeting include the fact that it fails to ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Fundamental Analysis

    Inventory Valuation For Investors: FIFO And LIFO

    We go over these methods of calculating this component of the balance sheet, and how the choice affects the bottom line.
  2. Options & Futures

    Find Investment Quality In The Income Statement

    Use these key attributes to uncover top-level investments.
  3. Investing Basics

    Calculating Unlevered Free Cash Flow

    Unlevered free cash flow (UFCF) is the free cash flow of a business before interest payments.
  4. Taxes

    Understanding Write-Offs

    Write-off has different meanings depending on the context in which it is used, but generally refers to a reduction in value due to expense or loss.
  5. Economics

    What are Capital Goods?

    Capital goods are assets with a useful life of more than one year that are used for the production of income.
  6. Economics

    Understanding Capital Assets

    A capital asset is one that a company plans on owning for more than one year, and uses in the production of revenue.
  7. Fundamental Analysis

    What is Year-to-Date?

    Year-to-date (YTD) is a term that describes financial results from the beginning of the current year up to the day the financial number is reported.
  8. Investing Basics

    Explaining Net Tangible Assets

    Net tangible assets is a company’s total assets subtracting both intangible assets (such as goodwill and intellectual property) and total liabilities.
  9. Economics

    What is Managerial Accounting?

    Managerial accounting is internally-based accounting that helps managers measure the results of their decisions.
  10. Investing Basics

    Understanding Long-Term Debt

    Long-term debt is any debt or liability that is due in more than one year.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. National Currency

    The currency or legal tender issued by a nation's central bank or monetary authority. The national currency of a nation is ...
  2. Treasury Yield

    The return on investment, expressed as a percentage, on the debt obligations of the U.S. government. Treasuries are considered ...
  3. Bund

    A bond issued by Germany's federal government, or the German word for "bond." Bunds are the German equivalent of U.S. Treasury ...
  4. European Central Bank - ECB

    The central bank responsible for the monetary system of the European Union (EU) and the euro currency. The bank was formed ...
  5. Quantitative Easing

    An unconventional monetary policy in which a central bank purchases private sector financial assets in order to lower interest ...
  6. Current Account Deficit

    A measurement of a country’s trade in which the value of goods and services it imports exceeds the value of goods and services ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!