Limit Down

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Limit Down'

The maximum amount by which the price of a commodity futures contract may decline in one trading day. Limit down also refers to the maximum decline permitted in individual stocks on certain exchanges before trading curbs kick in. The limit is generally set as a percentage of the market price of the futures or stock, and occasionally as a dollar amount. These limits were introduced to counter unusual market volatility and prevent panic-driven selling.

BREAKING DOWN 'Limit Down'

Some futures markets close trading of contracts when the limit down is reached; others allow trading to resume if the price moves away from the day's limit. If there is a major event affecting the market's sentiment toward a particular commodity, it may take several trading days before the contract price fully reflects this change. On each trading day, the trading limit may be reached before the market's equilibrium contract price is met.

In June 2012, the Securities Exchange Commission approved two proposals put forward by the national securities exchanges and FINRA to counter unprecedented volatility in individual stocks and the U.S. stock market. One proposal aims to establish a "limit up-limit down" mechanism that will "prevent trades in individual stocks from occurring outside of a specified price band, which will be set at a certain percentage above and below the average price of the security over the immediately preceding five-minute period." For example, the percentage level for liquid stocks, such as those in the S&P 500, will be 5%, and 10% for other listed securities. These proposals are expected to be implemented by February 4, 2013.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Derivative

    A security with a price that is dependent upon or derived from ...
  2. Limit Up

    The maximum amount by which the price of a commodity futures ...
  3. Futures Market

    An auction market in which participants buy and sell commodity/future ...
  4. Commodity

    1. A basic good used in commerce that is interchangeable with ...
  5. Limit Move

    The largest amount of change that the price of a commodity futures ...
  6. Daily Trading Limit

    The maximum gain or loss on a derivative contract, such as options ...
Related Articles
  1. Options & Futures

    An Overview Of Commodities Trading

    Commodities markets, both historically and in modern times, have had tremendous economic impact on nations and people. Investing in commodities can quickly degenerate into gambling or speculation ...
  2. Options & Futures

    An Introduction To Managed Futures

    Their inverse correlation with stocks and bonds make these alternative investments worth getting to know.
  3. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Commodity Funds 101

    These funds make investing in gold, oil or grain an easier prospect.
  4. Options & Futures

    Get Into Low-Cost Futures Trading With Synthetics

    If you can't trade commodity futures outright, these vehicles provide a less expensive alternative.
  5. Insurance

    Futures Fundamentals

    For those who are new to futures but want a solid understanding of them, this tutorial explains what futures contracts are, how they work and why investors use them.
  6. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETN Analysis: Rogers Intl Commodity Energy Total Return

    Learn more about the Rogers International Commodity Total Return, which is an exchange-traded note that tracks a broad index of commodity futures.
  7. Investing Basics

    Understanding the Spot Market

    A spot market is a market where a commodity or security is bought or sold and then delivered immediately.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: PowerShares S&P 500 Downside Hedged

    Find out about the PowerShares S&P 500 Downside Hedged ETF, and learn detailed information about characteristics, suitability and recommendations of it.
  9. Chart Advisor

    Traders Step Back to Assess Commodities Damage

    Traders are turning to these exchange-traded notes and exchange-traded funds to analyze key commodities and determine what could be coming next.
  10. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: iShares Gold Trust

    Learn about the SPDR Gold Shares ETF, how it tracks the price of gold, and what type of investors may want to hold shares in their portfolios.
RELATED FAQS
  1. How do futures contracts roll over?

    Traders roll over futures contracts to switch from the front month contract that is close to expiration to another contract ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Why do companies enter into futures contracts?

    Different types of companies may enter into futures contracts for different purposes. The most common reason is to hedge ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What does a futures contract cost?

    The value of a futures contract is derived from the cash value of the underlying asset. While a futures contract may have ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are the main risks associated with trading derivatives?

    The primary risks associated with trading derivatives are market, counterparty, liquidity and interconnection risks. Derivatives ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How can an investor profit from a fall in the utilities sector?

    The utilities sector exhibits a high degree of stability compared to the broader market. This makes it best-suited for buy-and-hold ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How can electricity be traded as a commodity by an individual investor?

    Electricity can be traded in the financial marketplace like any other commodity. Electricity futures trading offers an alternative ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Election Period

    The period of time during which an investor who owns an extendable or retractable bond must indicate to the issuer whether ...
  2. Shanghai Stock Exchange

    The largest stock exchange in mainland China, the Shanghai Stock Exchange is a nonprofit organization run by the China Securities ...
  3. Dead Cat Bounce

    A temporary recovery from a prolonged decline or bear market, followed by the continuation of the downtrend. A dead cat bounce ...
  4. Bear Market

    A market condition in which the prices of securities are falling, and widespread pessimism causes the negative sentiment ...
  5. Alligator Spread

    An unprofitable spread that occurs as a result of large commissions charged on the transaction, regardless of favorable market ...
  6. Tiger Cub Economies

    The four Southeast Asian economies of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand. Tiger cub economy indicates that ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!