Loan

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DEFINITION of 'Loan'

The act of giving money, property or other material goods to a another party in exchange for future repayment of the principal amount along with interest or other finance charges. A loan may be for a specific, one-time amount or can be available as open-ended credit up to a specified ceiling amount.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Loan'

The terms of a standardized loan are formally presented (usually in writing) to each party in the transaction before any money or property changes hands. If a lender requires any collateral, this will be stipulated in the loan documents as well. Most loans also have legal stipulations regarding the maximum amount of interest that can be charged, as well as other covenants such as the length of time before repayment is required.

Loans can come from individuals, corporations, financial institutions and governments. They are a way to grow the overall money supply in an economy as well as open up competition, introduce new products and expand business operations. Loans are a primary source of revenue for many financial institutions such as banks, as well as some retailers through the use of credit facilities.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. What are the long-term effects of delinquent accounts?

    Delinquency occurs when borrowers fail to make payments on their loans. All loan borrowers should do their best to avoid ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What are the differences between delinquency and default?

    Delinquency and default are loan terms that describe failure to make a required payment. A loan in delinquency occurs the ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How can I calculate compounding interest on a loan in Excel?

    Compound interest is the amount of interest on a principal amount, along with the accumulated interest on the principal from ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How does the amount of the principal fluctuate depending on inflation?

    Inflation does not affect the nominal value of the principal balance of a loan, bond or other financial instrument. Inflation ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is each party's role in a reverse repurchase agreement?

    There are two principal parties in a reverse repurchase agreement. The first party, often called the seller, is offering ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What risks does the dealer (lender) in a reverse repurchase agreement take on?

    In a conventional repurchase agreement, or repo, the dealer is the borrower and takes on similar risks to borrowers in other ... Read Full Answer >>
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