Long The Basis

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Long The Basis'

An individual or company that owns or has purchased a commodity such as oil, gold or lumber and then hedges its position by selling futures contracts on the commodity owned. This gives commodity holders a guaranteed price that they can sell their commodities at if the market price moves against their underlying position.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Long The Basis'

By definition, a gold-mining company maintains a significant position in the precious metal. However, because the price of gold is susceptible to market pressures and may fluctuate wildly at times, the company may choose to hedge its position (through the sale of futures contracts) and thus lock in a guaranteed range of value. An individual or company that does this (owns the physical commodity and hedges their position) is said to be "long the basis".

RELATED TERMS
  1. Commodity

    1. A basic good used in commerce that is interchangeable with ...
  2. Hedge

    Making an investment to reduce the risk of adverse price movements ...
  3. Futures

    A financial contract obligating the buyer to purchase an asset ...
  4. Naked Position

    A securities position that is not hedged from market risk. Both ...
  5. Underlying

    1. In derivatives, the security that must be delivered when a ...
  6. Futures Contract

    A contractual agreement, generally made on the trading floor ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is a basis point (BPS)?

    A basis point is a unit of measure used in finance to describe the percentage change in the value or rate of a financial ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the difference between hedging and speculation?

    Hedging involves taking an offsetting position in a derivative in order to balance any gains and losses to the underlying ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How are futures used to hedge a position?

    Futures contracts are one of the most common derivatives used to hedge risk. A futures contract is as an arrangement between ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How do futures contracts roll over?

    Traders roll over futures contracts to switch from the front month contract that is close to expiration to another contract ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Why do companies enter into futures contracts?

    Different types of companies may enter into futures contracts for different purposes. The most common reason is to hedge ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What does a futures contract cost?

    The value of a futures contract is derived from the cash value of the underlying asset. While a futures contract may have ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Options & Futures

    A Beginner's Guide To Hedging

    Learn how investors use strategies to reduce the impact of negative events on investments.
  2. Investing Basics

    Understanding Total Return Swaps

    A total return swap is a contract in which a payer and receiver exchange the credit risk and market risk of an underlying asset.
  3. Investing Basics

    Explaining Absolute Return

    Absolute return refers to an asset’s total return over a set period of time. It’s usually applied to stocks, mutual funds or hedge funds.
  4. Economics

    Why The Dollar’s Strength Can Continue

    Overall, the U.S. dollar has rallied this year, with the Dollar Index (DXY) now up by roughly 8 percent year-to-date, but the gain hasn’t been steady.
  5. Investing

    Is It Time To Buy Commodities?

    Despite the news, the Athens Stock Exchange is down less than 5 percent year-to-date, while the Shanghai Composite remains up more than 10 percent.
  6. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    5 Disadvantages of Mutual Funds Compared to ETFs

    In the mutual funds vs. exchange-traded funds debate, ETFs have some clear advantages.
  7. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: PowerShares DB US Dollar

    Discover how an ETF can be used to bet on multiple different currency futures contracts with the PowerShares DB Dollar Index Bullish Fund (UUP).
  8. Chart Advisor

    Falling Coffee Prices Are Creating Opportunity

    Falling coffee prices is creating an opportunity for strategic traders. We'll take a look at some ideas.
  9. Stock Analysis

    Southwest & Cheap Oil: The Perfect Combination?

    Discover how falling oil prices (and well-timed futures contracts) benefit Southwest Airlines.
  10. Economics

    As Fed Prepares To Move, Gold Is Losing Its Luster

    Last week’s Semi-Annual Monetary Policy Report to Congress returned investors’ focus back to the fundamentals, and a general upbeat of the economy.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Hedging Transaction

    A type of transaction that limits investment risk with the use of derivatives, such as options and futures contracts. Hedging ...
  2. Bogey

    A buzzword that refers to a benchmark used to evaluate a fund's performance. The benchmark is an index that reflects the ...
  3. Xetra

    An all-electronic trading system based in Frankfurt, Germany. Launched in 1997 and operated by the Deutsche Börse, the Xetra ...
  4. Nuncupative Will

    A verbal will that must have two witnesses and can only deal with the distribution of personal property. A nuncupative will ...
  5. OsMA

    An abbreviation for Oscillator - Moving Average. OsMA is used in technical analysis to represent the variance between an ...
  6. Investopedia

    One of the best-known sources of financial information on the internet. Investopedia is a resource for investors, consumers ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!