Long Hedge

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Long Hedge'

A situation where an investor has to take a long position in futures contracts in order to hedge against future price volatility. A long hedge is beneficial for a company that knows it has to purchase an asset in the future and wants to lock in the purchase price. A long hedge can also be used to hedge against a short position that has already been taken by the investor.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Long Hedge'

For example, assume it is January and an aluminum manufacturer needs 25,000 pounds of copper to manufacture aluminum and fulfill a contract in May. The current spot price is $1.50 per pound, but the May futures price is $1.40 per pound. In January the aluminum manufacturer would take a long position in 1 May futures contract on copper. This locks in the price the manufacturer will pay.

If in May the spot price of copper is $1.45 per pound the manufacturer has benefited from taking the long position, because the hedger is actually paying $0.05/pound of copper compared to the current market price. However if the price of copper was anywhere below $1.40 per pound the manufacturer would be in a worse position than where they would have been if they did not enter into the futures contract.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Downside Protection

    The use of an option or other hedging instrument in order to ...
  2. Futures Market

    An auction market in which participants buy and sell commodity/future ...
  3. Short (or Short Position)

    1. The sale of a borrowed security, commodity or currency with ...
  4. Long (or Long Position)

    1. The buying of a security such as a stock, commodity or currency, ...
  5. Futures

    A financial contract obligating the buyer to purchase an asset ...
  6. Delivery Date

    1. The final date by which the underlying commodity for a futures ...
Related Articles
  1. Options & Futures

    The Secret To Finding Profit In Pairs Trading

    Read about a market-neutral trading strategy using relatively low-risk positions.
  2. Options & Futures

    A Beginner's Guide To Hedging

    Learn how investors use strategies to reduce the impact of negative events on investments.
  3. Options & Futures

    Hedge Funds: Higher Returns Or Just High Fees?

    Discover the advantages and pitfalls of hedge funds and the questions to ask when choosing one.
  4. Options & Futures

    Hedge Funds Hunt For Upside, Regardless Of The Market

    Hedge funds seek positive absolute returns, and engage in aggressive strategies to make this happen.
  5. Options & Futures

    The 4 Advantages of Options

    Flexible and cost efficient, options are more popular than ever. Find out why.
  6. Options & Futures

    Solving Mixed Options Problems On The Series 7

    Learn to ace the questions that involve both options contracts and stock positions.
  7. Options & Futures

    Was Buffet Right about Derivatives as WMDs?

    Why Warren Buffet described derivatives as weapons of mass destruction, and when can they be helpful or harmful?
  8. Options & Futures

    Examples Of Exchange-Traded Derivatives

    We look at some of the most common exchange-traded derivatives.
  9. Options & Futures

    Advantages Of Trading Futures Over Stocks

    We look at the top eight advantages of trading futures over stocks.
  10. Technical Indicators

    Strategies To Trade Volatility Effectively With VIX

    VIX offers a bird’s eye view of real-time greed and fear, while providing a snapshot of the market’s expectations for volatility in the next 30 days.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Fiat Money

    Currency that a government has declared to be legal tender, but is not backed by a physical commodity. The value of fiat ...
  2. Interest Rate Risk

    The risk that an investment's value will change due to a change in the absolute level of interest rates, in the spread between ...
  3. Income Effect

    In the context of economic theory, the income effect is the change in an individual's or economy's income and how that change ...
  4. Price-To-Sales Ratio - PSR

    A valuation ratio that compares a company’s stock price to its revenues. The price-to-sales ratio is an indicator of the ...
  5. Hurdle Rate

    The minimum rate of return on a project or investment required by a manager or investor. In order to compensate for risk, ...
  6. Market Value

    The price an asset would fetch in the marketplace. Market value is also commonly used to refer to the market capitalization ...
Trading Center