What is a 'Low-Hanging Fruit'
A low-hanging fruit is a commonly used metaphor for doing the simplest or easiest work first or for a quick fix that produces ripe, delectable results. In sales, it means a target that is easy to achieve, a product or service that is easy to sell, or a prospective client who seems very likely to buy the product, especially compared to other, more reluctant prospects. The phrase also refers to a problem that is easy to solve.
BREAKING DOWN 'Low-Hanging Fruit'To illustrate the concept of low-hanging fruit, imagine a sales rep has been talking to several prospects and one seems more likely to buy his product than the others. If the sales rep channels his efforts toward the easiest sale, he is focusing on the low-hanging fruit. This is also referred to as cherry picking clients or opportunities.
Similarly, if a company implements a strategy to boost sales quickly, rather than an arduous process that takes a long time to produce results, this is also grabbing the low-hanging fruit.
Pros of Cons of Focusing on Low-Hanging Fruit
Businesses or sales professionals who opt to focus on low-hanging fruit are likely to meet their targets faster, close sales more easily or accomplish their to-do lists sooner. From this perspective, focusing on low-hanging fruit can be an effective sales and business strategy. However, in most cases, there are usually only so many low-hanging fruits, and once those have been "picked," the company has to put in more effort to achieve results. Essentially, if a company or an individual decides to exclusively focus on low-hanging fruit, it pushes all of the more difficult tasks onto the metaphorical back burner, and putting those tasks on hold can make them harder to achieve in the long run.
History of the Phrase Low-Hanging Fruit
Phrases such as "fruit low hung" and "fruit hanging low" have been part of the English language since the 17th century, but the exact phrase "low-hanging fruit" likely first appeared in print in a 1968 article in the Guardian newspaper, and the phrase referenced something easily attainable. Through the following decades, the phrase picked up steam, and by the early 1990s, it had become a staple in corporate management and sales lingo, referring to corporate gains that could be easily achieved.
During the first 15 years of the new millennium, the phrase became much more popular than similar phrases such as "easy pickings," "easy as pie" and "shooting fish in a barrel," and by 2015, "low-hanging fruit" was nine to 10 times more likely to appear in New York Times articles than similar phrases. This upward trend also presumably mirrors the phrase's rise in business culture.