Lower of Cost and Market Method

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Lower of Cost and Market Method'

A requirement of GAAP in the United States that inventory be recorded at the lower of either the cost to produce it, the cost to repurchase it or the market value of the inventory.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Lower of Cost and Market Method'

The lower of cost and market method has two boundaries on the valuation of inventories. The first is the inventory ceiling, which requires that inventory must be reported no higher than the net realizable value less expenses. The second boundary is the inventory floor, which requires that inventory value be reported at no lower than the net realizable value plus normally attainable profit.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Amortization

    1. The paying off of debt in regular installments over a period ...
  2. Depreciation

    1. A method of allocating the cost of a tangible asset over its ...
  3. Net Asset Value - NAV

    A mutual fund's price per share or exchange-traded fund's (ETF) ...
  4. Inventory

    The raw materials, work-in-process goods and completely finished ...
  5. Carrying Value

    An accounting measure of value, where the value of an asset or ...
  6. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ...

    The common set of accounting principles, standards and procedures ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What are the generally accepted accounting principles for inventory reserves?

    As with most matters related to generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), accountants assigned with the task of applying ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How often should a small business owner go through a bank reconciliation process?

    Small business owners should go through the bank reconciliation process at least monthly, and many business consultants recommend ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the difference between recurring and non-recurring general and administrative ...

    The difference between recurring and nonrecurring general and administrative expenses can best be understood as the difference ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How can I find net margin by looking a company's financial statements?

    In finance and accounting, financial statements represent the fundamental means of analyzing a company's financial position, ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What can working capital turnover ratios tell a trader?

    A company's working capital turnover ratio is traditionally positively correlated with business performance. A high, or better ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is a negative write-off?

    A negative write-off is a write-off conducted by a company or accountant after deciding not to pay back an individual or ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Fundamental Analysis

    Inventory Valuation For Investors: FIFO And LIFO

    We go over these methods of calculating this component of the balance sheet, and how the choice affects the bottom line.
  2. Fundamental Analysis

    Understanding Consolidated Financial Statements

    Consolidated financial statements are the combined financial statements of a parent company and its subsidiaries.
  3. Fundamental Analysis

    Explaining the Common Size Income Statement

    A common size income statement expresses each account as a percentage of net sales.
  4. Professionals

    What Does an Auditor Do?

    An auditor ensures that organizations maintain accurate and honest financial records.
  5. Fundamental Analysis

    Calculating the Net Debt to EBITDA Ratio

    Financial analysts typically use the net debt to EBITDA ratio to determine a company’s ability to pay its debt.
  6. Economics

    How Does an Operating Lease Work?

    Operating lease is a term used mostly in accounting to denote a lease that gives the lessee rights to use and operate an asset without ownership.
  7. Economics

    Understanding Historical Cost

    Historical cost equals the original purchase price of an asset recorded on a company’s balance sheet.
  8. Economics

    What's Recorded in a Cash Book?

    A cash book is an accounting book that records all cash receipts and cash payments before they’re recorded in a business’s general ledger.
  9. Economics

    Explaining Capital Reserve

    Capital reserve is an account on a company’s or municipality’s balance sheet that is dedicated to money reserved for long-term or large-scale projects.
  10. Economics

    Understanding Capital Investment

    Capital investment is a term that describes a company’s expenditures for long-term assets used in the operation of its business.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Investopedia

    One of the best-known sources of financial information on the internet. Investopedia is a resource for investors, consumers ...
  2. Unfair Claims Practice

    The improper avoidance of a claim by an insurer or an attempt to reduce the size of the claim. By engaging in unfair claims ...
  3. Killer Bees

    An individual or firm that helps a company fend off a takeover attempt. A killer bee uses defensive strategies to keep an ...
  4. Sin Tax

    A state-sponsored tax that is added to products or services that are seen as vices, such as alcohol, tobacco and gambling. ...
  5. Grandfathered Activities

    Nonbank activities, some of which would normally not be permissible for bank holding companies and foreign banks in the United ...
  6. Touchline

    The highest price that a buyer of a particular security is willing to pay and the lowest price at which a seller is willing ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!