DEFINITION of 'Manifest Variable'
A variable that can be directly measured or observed. It is the opposite of a latent variable, which can not be directly observed. Manifest variables are used in latent variable statistical models, which test the relationships between a set of manifest variables and a set of latent variables. Manifest variables are considered either continuous or categorical (a countable range).
INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Manifest Variable'
Statisticians use several different analysis tests when examining manifest variables and latent variables. The four most frequently used models are factor analysis, latent trait analysis, latent profile analysis, and latent class analysis. Which model is ultimately used depends on whether the manifest variables are continuous or categorical, and whether the latent variables are continuous or categorical.

Endogenous Variable
A classification of a variable generated by a statistical model ... 
Sample
A subset containing the characteristics of a larger population. ... 
Statistics
A type of mathematical analysis involving the use of quantified ... 
Correlation
In the world of finance, a statistical measure of how two securities ... 
Sampling
A process used in statistical analysis in which a predetermined ... 
Altman ZScore
The output of a creditstrength test that gauges a publicly traded ...

How do I use the rule of 72 to estimate compounding periods?
The rule of 72 is best used to estimate compounding periods that are factors of two (2, 4, 12, 200 and so on). This is because ... Read Full Answer >> 
How can I use Bollinger Bands® to spot options trading opportunities?
Traders can use Bollinger Bands in a couple of different types of trading strategies. The most common strategy is using Bollinger ... Read Full Answer >> 
How can I run linear and multiple regressions in Excel?
The first step in running regression analysis in Excel is verifying that your software has the capabilities to perform the ... Read Full Answer >> 
How do I calculate the rule of 72 using Matlab?
In finance, the rule of 72 is a useful shortcut to assess how long it takes an investment to double given its annual growth ... Read Full Answer >> 
How do I calculate the standard error using Matlab?
In statistics, the standard error is the standard deviation of the sampling statistical measure, usually the sample mean. ... Read Full Answer >> 
How do I use the rule of 72 to calculate continuous compounding?
The rule of 72 is a mathematical shortcut used to predict when a population, investment or other growing category will double ... Read Full Answer >>

Investing Basics
What Are The Odds Of Scoring A Winning Trade?
Just because you're on a winning streak doesn't mean you're a skilled trader. Find out why. 
Fundamental Analysis
Financial Markets: Random, Cyclical Or Both?
Are the markets random or cyclical? It depends on who you ask. Here, we go over both sides of the argument. 
Investing Basics
Economic Indicators That DoItYourself Investors Should Know
Understanding these investing tools will put the market in your hands. 
Forex Education
Trading With Gaussian Models Of Statistics
The entire study of statistics originated from Gauss and allowed us to understand markets, prices and probabilities, among other applications. 
Fundamental Analysis
Explaining the Empirical Rule
The empirical rule provides a quick estimate of the spread of data in a normal statistical distribution. 
Economics
Explaining Demographics
Demographics is the study and categorization of people based on factors such as income level, education, gender, race, age, and employment. 
Fundamental Analysis
Calculating Degree of Financial Leverage
Degree of financial leverage (DFL) is a metric that measures the sensitivity of a company’s operating income due to changes in its capital structure. 
Fundamental Analysis
Calculating the Present Value of an Annuity
The present value of an annuity is the current, lump sum value of periodic future payments as calculated using a specific rate. 
Fundamental Analysis
How Does Sampling Work?
Sampling is a term used in statistics that describes methods of selecting a predefined representative number of data from a larger data population. 
Economics
Understanding Marginal Analysis
Marginal analysis is the process of comparing a oneunit incremental cost increase of an activity with a corresponding increase in benefits.