Marginal Tax Rate

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DEFINITION of 'Marginal Tax Rate'

The amount of tax paid on an additional dollar of income. The marginal tax rate for an individual will increase as income rises. This method of taxation aims to fairly tax individuals based upon their earnings, with low income earners being taxed at a lower rate than higher income earners.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS'Marginal Tax Rate'

Under a marginal tax rate, tax payers are most often divided into tax brackets or ranges, which determine which rate taxable income is taxed at. As income increases, what is earned will be taxed at a higher rate than your first dollar earned. While many believe this is the most equitable method of taxation, many others believe this discourages business investment by removing the incentive to work harder.

To learn more about how the marginal tax rate system works, check out Can moving to a higher tax bracket cause me to have a lower net income? 

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RELATED FAQS
  1. Which states are the most expensive for high-income earners?

    The most expensive states for high-income earners are California, Hawaii and New York. The tax rates assessed by these states ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Is progressive tax the same thing as marginal tax rate?

    A marginal tax rate is a form of a progressive tax. Any progressive tax is a tax created based on the amount of income an ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. In what types of economies are regressive taxes common?

    Regressive taxation systems are more likely to be found in developing countries or emerging market economies than in the ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are the differences between regressive, proportional and progressive taxes?

    Tax systems fall into three main categories within the tax code: regressive, proportional and progressive taxes. Regressive ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Is the marginal tax rate a progressive tax?

    The marginal tax rate is a type of progressive tax system that imposes a higher income tax rate on people with higher incomes, ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What's the difference between the marginal tax rate system and a flat tax?

    In modern economics, there are two main types of tax systems: marginal tax rate and flat tax rate. Under a marginal system, ... Read Full Answer >>
  7. Are marginal tax rate schemes more fair than flat taxes?

    The proper framing of the question should be, "To whom is a marginal tax rate fairer," as progressive, marginal, and flat ... Read Full Answer >>
  8. What is the highest marginal tax rate in the United States?

    In a marginal tax rate system, such as the one found in the United States, the more income one makes, the more one is expected ... Read Full Answer >>
  9. Can you calculate the marginal tax rate in Excel?

    Marginal tax rates are higher for higher-income individuals. Accurate information about current tax brackets is needed to ... Read Full Answer >>

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