Michigan Leadership Studies

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Michigan Leadership Studies '

A well-known series of leadership studies that commenced at the University of Michigan in the 1950s, with the objective of identifying the principles and types of leadership styles that led to greater productivity and enhanced job satisfaction among workers. The studies identified two broad leadership styles - an employee orientation and a production orientation. They also identified three critical characteristics of effective leaders - task-oriented behavior, relationship-oriented behavior and participative leadership.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Michigan Leadership Studies '

The studies concluded that an employee orientation rather than a production orientation, coupled with general instead of close supervision, led to better results. The Michigan leadership studies, along with the Ohio State University studies that took place in the 1940s, are two of the best-known behavioral leadership studies and continue to be cited to this day.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Labor Productivity

    A measurement of economic growth of a country. Labor productivity ...
  2. Human Resource Planning - HRP

    The ongoing process of systematic planning to achieve optimum ...
  3. Productivity And Costs

    An economic data set that measures future inflationary trends ...
  4. Bureau Of Labor Statistics - BLS

    A government agency that produces economic data that reflects ...
  5. Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index ...

    A survey of consumer confidence conducted by the University of ...
  6. Employment Cost Index - ECI

    A quarterly report from the U.S. Department of Labor that measures ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. Can I buy insurance to reduce unlimited liability in a partnership?

    Partnership insurance is actually quite common. Most of the time, partners buy insurance to safeguard against the possibility ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What are the benefits of prorating expenses?

    When a person prorates expenses between personal and business expenses, he is able to capture the maximum amount of tax benefits ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the relationship between research and development and innovation?

    Although it's possible to achieve innovation without research and development and it's possible to conduct research and development ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How does the notion of the American Dream influence the US economy?

    The notion of the American Dream influences the U.S. economy because it creates the driving force behind the free enterprise ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How do venture capitalist investors view sustainable growth in a startup?

    Venture capitalist investors view sustainable growth in a startup as necessary when considering investing in it. Typically, ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How can I protect my business from my spouse during a high net worth divorce?

    For high net worth individuals (HNWIs), deciding to end a marriage through divorce brings special circumstances to consider. ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    If Kennedy, Eisenhower, Alexander the Great Et Al Were Leaders in Finance

    Would Eisenhower, Roosevelt and Kissinger have made good corporate executives? What about Alexander the Great?
  2. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Will A New Fund Manager Cost You?

    Learn how a change in leadership could mean more taxes for you.
  3. Professionals

    Management Strategies From A Top CEO

    Find out what this winning manager did to grow one of the biggest companies in the world.
  4. Entrepreneurship

    10 Richest, Most Successful Tech Geniuses

    Unlike many industries, tech billionaires are mostly self-made. Many of these billionaires came from humble means and, through their own genius, changed the world.
  5. Economics

    Understanding Management by Objectives

    Management by objectives is a process in which a manager and an employee agree on specific performance goals and then develop a plan to reach those goals.
  6. Entrepreneurship

    The 10 Richest Women In Finance

    Who are the top 10 women in the financial industry?
  7. Investing Basics

    Today's Top Young Investors

    Given the very different world that we live in as compared to the one the Warren Buffett graduated into, young, hopeful investors should be looking up to people closer to their own age.
  8. Economics

    Understanding Capital Investment

    Capital investment is a term that describes a company’s expenditures for long-term assets used in the operation of its business.
  9. Entrepreneurship

    Top 7 Ways to Manage Business Risks

    Risk management is a form of insurance in itself for small business owners. Here are seven steps to implement a plan.
  10. Entrepreneurship

    Why Companies Need Risk Management

    Implementing risk management strategies can save an entire organization from failure. Is yours up to snuff?

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Investopedia

    One of the best-known sources of financial information on the internet. Investopedia is a resource for investors, consumers ...
  2. Unfair Claims Practice

    The improper avoidance of a claim by an insurer or an attempt to reduce the size of the claim. By engaging in unfair claims ...
  3. Killer Bees

    An individual or firm that helps a company fend off a takeover attempt. A killer bee uses defensive strategies to keep an ...
  4. Sin Tax

    A state-sponsored tax that is added to products or services that are seen as vices, such as alcohol, tobacco and gambling. ...
  5. Grandfathered Activities

    Nonbank activities, some of which would normally not be permissible for bank holding companies and foreign banks in the United ...
  6. Touchline

    The highest price that a buyer of a particular security is willing to pay and the lowest price at which a seller is willing ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!