DEFINITION of 'Micro-Hedge'

An investment technique used to eliminate the risk of a single asset. In most cases, this means taking an offsetting position in that single asset.

If this asset is part of a larger portfolio, the hedge will eliminate the risk of the one asset but will have less of an effect on the risk associated with the portfolio.


Say you are holding the stock of a company and want to eliminate the price risks associated with that stock. To offset your position in the company, you could take a short position in the futures market, thereby securing the stock price for the period of the futures contract. This strategy is used when an investor feels very uncertain about the future movement of a single asset.

  1. Long (or Long Position)

    1. The buying of a security such as a stock, commodity or currency, ...
  2. Hedge

    Making an investment to reduce the risk of adverse price movements ...
  3. Position

    The amount of a security either owned (which constitutes a long ...
  4. Offset

    1. To liquidate a futures position by entering an equivalent, ...
  5. Risk

    The chance that an investment's actual return will be different ...
  6. Futures Contract

    A contractual agreement, generally made on the trading floor ...
Related Articles
  1. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Taking A Look Behind Hedge Funds

    Hedge funds can draw returns well above the market average even in a weak economy. Learn about the risks.
  2. Options & Futures

    The Secret To Finding Profit In Pairs Trading

    Read about a market-neutral trading strategy using relatively low-risk positions.
  3. Options & Futures

    A Beginner's Guide To Hedging

    Learn how investors use strategies to reduce the impact of negative events on investments.
  4. Professionals

    Top Stocks to Short, Go Long On to Beat the Market

    A long/short portfolio can help weather a variety of market scenarios. Here's how to put one together.
  5. Investing Basics

    What Does Plain Vanilla Mean?

    Plain vanilla is a term used in investing to describe the most basic types of financial instruments.
  6. Investing

    Oil: Why Not to Put Faith in Forecasts

    West Texas Intermediate oil futures have recently made pronounced movements. What do they bode for the world market?
  7. Economics

    Is the U.S. Economy Ready for Liftoff?

    The Fed continues to delay normalizing rates, citing inflation concerns and “global economic and financial developments” in explaining its rationale.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    The Risks of Investing in Inverse ETFs

    Discover analyses of the risks inherent to inverse exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that investors must understand before considering an investment in this type of ETF.
  9. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top 4 Inverse Equities ETFs

    Explore analysis of some of the most popular inverse and leveraged-inverse ETFs that track equity indexes, and learn about the suitability of these ETFs.
  10. Investing

    2 Sectors to Explore When Rates Rise

    While the market selloff and declining inflation expectations have lowered the probability of a Fed rate rise, U.S. economic data still supports it.
  1. Can mutual funds invest in options and futures?

    Mutual funds invest in not only stocks and fixed-income securities but also options and futures. There exists a separate ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How do futures contracts roll over?

    Traders roll over futures contracts to switch from the front month contract that is close to expiration to another contract ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Why do companies enter into futures contracts?

    Different types of companies may enter into futures contracts for different purposes. The most common reason is to hedge ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What does a futures contract cost?

    The value of a futures contract is derived from the cash value of the underlying asset. While a futures contract may have ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How can I hedge my portfolio to protect from a decline in the food and beverage sector?

    The food and beverage sector exhibits greater volatility than the broader market and tends to suffer larger-than-average ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What techniques are most useful for hedging exposure to the insurance sector?

    Investing style determines the best hedging techniques for the insurance sector. This sector comprises three segments, two ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Section 1231 Property

    A tax term relating to depreciable business property that has been held for over a year. Section 1231 property includes buildings, ...
  2. Term Deposit

    A deposit held at a financial institution that has a fixed term, and guarantees return of principal.
  3. Zero-Sum Game

    A situation in which one person’s gain is equivalent to another’s loss, so that the net change in wealth or benefit is zero. ...
  4. Capitalization Rate

    The rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the income that the property is expected to generate.
  5. Gross Profit

    A company's total revenue (equivalent to total sales) minus the cost of goods sold. Gross profit is the profit a company ...
  6. Revenue

    The amount of money that a company actually receives during a specific period, including discounts and deductions for returned ...
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!