Misappropriation Theory

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Misappropriation Theory'

A perspective that defines the act of stealing confidential information from an employer and then trading securities based on the misappropriated insider knowledge. In the United States, a person guilty according to the misappropriation theory will likely be convicted of insider trading.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Misappropriation Theory'

The misappropriation theory gained prominence in the Supreme Court's conviction of James H. O'Hagan. O'Hagan was an attorney who acted on insider information regarding a takeover bid for Pillsbury. The United States versus O'Hagan was a watershed case for the theory, defining its validity.

This take on insider trading expands the traditional view of what constitutes guilt. Instead of looking only at people who trade their own companies' shares based on stolen information, the theory extends to those who use the knowledge to profit in any corporation.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Insider

    A director or senior officer of a company, as well as any person ...
  2. Insider Information

    A non-public fact regarding the plans or condition of a publicly ...
  3. Insider Trading

    The buying or selling of a security by someone who has access ...
  4. Takeover Bid

    A type of corporate action in which an acquiring company makes ...
  5. Fiduciary Abuse

    Describes a situation in which an individual who is legally appointed ...
  6. Defalcation

    1. Combining two or more debts to create one total debt. Defalcation ...
Related Articles
  1. Markets

    What Investors Can Learn From Insider Trading

    Some insider trading is actually legal - and can be extremely telling for investors.
  2. Economics

    Defining Illegal Insider Trading

    The better you understand why insider trading can be criminal, the better you'll understand how the market works.
  3. Nearly all IPOs have some sort of lock-up period
    Investing Basics

    IPO Lock-Ups Stop Insider Selling

    Ownership plays a key role when companies go public. Find out how.
  4. Options & Futures

    When Insiders Buy, Should Investors Join Them?

    Insider tracking can inform your investment strategy, but it requires research and a level head. Find out what to look for.
  5. Options & Futures

    Can Insiders Help You Make Better Trades?

    Find out why the trading activity of owners and executives can be a valuable trade-confirmation tool.
  6. Options & Futures

    Keeping An Eye On The Activities Of Insiders And Institutions

    These transactions reveal much about a stock. We go over what to consider and where to find it.
  7. You may owe money, but you still have rights. There's a long list of things debt collectors are banned from doing to you. Know what's illegal.
    Credit & Loans

    5 Things Debt Collectors Can't Do To You

    You may owe money, but you still have rights. There's a long list of things debt collectors are banned from doing to you. Know what's illegal.
  8. Sounds like a bad horror movie, but it really could happen to you. Here's how to identify zombie debt and send collectors back to the dead-debt graveyard.
    Credit & Loans

    How To Beat Off A Zombie Debt Collector

    Sounds like a bad horror movie, but it really could happen to you. Here's how to identify zombie debt and send collectors back to the dead-debt graveyard.
  9. Understanding how the debt collection business works will give you a better chance of coming out ahead if you ever have to tangle with a collection agent.
    Credit & Loans

    Inside Secrets Of The Debt Collection Business

    Understanding how the debt collection business works will give you a better chance of coming out ahead if you ever have to tangle with a collection agent.
  10. Investigate these expat havens if you seek a developed country with low barriers for getting a permanent resident visa – sometimes even citizenship.
    Personal Finance

    5 Developed Countries That Welcome Expats

    Investigate these expat havens if you seek a developed country with low barriers for getting a permanent resident visa – sometimes even citizenship.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Multinational Corporation - MNC

    A corporation that has its facilities and other assets in at least one country other than its home country. Such companies ...
  2. SWOT Analysis

    A tool that identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of an organization. Specifically, SWOT is a basic, ...
  3. Simple Interest

    A quick method of calculating the interest charge on a loan. Simple interest is determined by multiplying the interest rate ...
  4. Special Administrative Region - SAR

    Unique geographical areas with a high degree of autonomy set up by the People's Republic of China. The Special Administrative ...
  5. Annual Percentage Rate - APR

    The annual rate that is charged for borrowing (or made by investing), expressed as a single percentage number that represents ...
  6. Free Carrier - FCA

    A trade term requiring the seller to deliver goods to a named airport, terminal, or other place where the carrier operates. ...
Trading Center