Modified Accrual Accounting

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Modified Accrual Accounting'

An accounting method commonly used by government agencies that combines accrual-basis accounting with cash-basis accounting. Modified accrual accounting recognizes revenues when they become available and measurable and, with a few exceptions, recognizes expenditures when liabilities are incurred. This system divides available funds into separate entities within the organization to ensure that the money is being spent where it was intended.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Modified Accrual Accounting'

The Government Accounting Standards Board, which is recognized as the official source of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for state and local governments, establishes modified accrual accounting standards. To distinguish government accounting from business accounting, modified accrual accounting uses some different terminology than other accounting methods. For example, it uses the terms "excess" or "deficiency" instead of "net income", and "expenditures" instead of "expenses". The idea that government agencies need a different type of accounting system is accepted because the purpose of government organizations is significantly different from the purpose of both for-profit businesses as well as not-for-profit non-governmental organizations.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Dollar-Value LIFO

    An accounting method used for inventory that follows the last ...
  2. Nonaccrual Experience Method - ...

    An accounting procedure allowed by the Internal Revenue Code ...
  3. Accrual Accounting

    An accounting method that measures the performance and position ...
  4. Finance

    The science that describes the management, creation and study ...
  5. General Ledger

    A company's main accounting records. A general ledger is a complete ...
  6. Asset

    1. A resource with economic value that an individual, corporation ...
Related Articles
  1. Professionals

    Uncommon Jobs For Your Finance Degree

    Not everyone can land the glamour jobs, but the world of finance has a lot more to offer. Here are some uncommon jobs in finance that you might want to consider.
  2. Entrepreneurship

    Social Finance Careers: Creating A Better World

    A financial career can be used to do more than just bring in profits. Find out how to get a career with a more social objective.
  3. Retirement

    Navigating Government And Nonprofit Financial Statements

    Learn how to trace where your tax dollars and charitable donations are going.
  4. Professionals

    Financial History: The Rise Of Modern Accounting

    Find out how these two have grown hand-in-hand throughout our modern history.
  5. Investing

    What's a Run Rate?

    Run rate is a term used to denote annualized earnings extrapolated from a shorter time frame. Management uses the run rate to estimate future revenues.
  6. Professionals

    Financial Accounting

    Financial accounting is the process of gathering, recording, summarizing and reporting financial data relating to a business. The ultimate goal is to accurately report the financial picture and ...
  7. Investing

    What are Direct Costs?

    Direct costs for finished goods refer to the items and services directly used in production. Other costs such as rent and insurance for the production site are indirect costs. These costs may ...
  8. Investing

    What is Contingent Liability?

    A contingent liability is an amount that might have to be paid in the future, but there are still unresolved matters that make it only a possibility. Lawsuits and the threat of lawsuits are the ...
  9. Investing

    What's Accrued Interest?

    Accrued interest has two meanings. In accounting, it is interest that has been earned, but the time for payment has not yet occurred.
  10. Investing

    What is Absorption Costing?

    Absorption costing is an accounting method primarily used in manufacturing. In absorption costing, the cost of a manufactured product includes the direct costs plus an apportioned share of the ...

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Income Effect

    In the context of economic theory, the income effect is the change in an individual's or economy's income and how that change ...
  2. Price-To-Sales Ratio - PSR

    A valuation ratio that compares a company’s stock price to its revenues. The price-to-sales ratio is an indicator of the ...
  3. Hurdle Rate

    The minimum rate of return on a project or investment required by a manager or investor. In order to compensate for risk, ...
  4. Market Value

    The price an asset would fetch in the marketplace. Market value is also commonly used to refer to the market capitalization ...
  5. Preference Shares

    Company stock with dividends that are paid to shareholders before common stock dividends are paid out. In the event of a ...
  6. Accrued Interest

    1. A term used to describe an accrual accounting method when interest that is either payable or receivable has been recognized, ...
Trading Center