Materials Requirement Planning - MRP


DEFINITION of 'Materials Requirement Planning - MRP'

One of the first software based integrated information systems designed to improve productivity for businesses. A materials requirement planning (MRP) information system is a sales forecast-based system used to schedule raw material deliveries and quantities, given assumptions of machine and labor units required to fulfill a sales forecast.

BREAKING DOWN 'Materials Requirement Planning - MRP'

MRP was the earliest of the integrated information systems dealing with improvements in productivity for businesses with the use of computers and software technology to provide meaningful data to managers. With the advent of such systems, production efficiency could be greatly improved. As the analysis of data and the technology to capture it became more sophisticated, more comprehensive systems were developed to integrate MRP with other aspects of the manufacturing process.

  1. Economies Of Scale

    Economies of scale is the cost advantage that arises with increased ...
  2. Project Management

    The planning and organization of an organization's resources ...
  3. Bill Of Materials - BOM

    A comprehensive list of raw materials, components and assemblies ...
  4. Manufacturing Resource Planning ...

    An integrated information system used by businesses. Manufacturing ...
  5. Enterprise Resource Planning - ...

    A process by which a company (often a manufacturer) manages and ...
  6. Productivity

    An economic measure of output per unit of input. Inputs include ...
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    Economics Basics

    Learn economics principles such as the relationship of supply and demand, elasticity, utility, and more!
  2. Economics

    A Practical Look At Microeconomics

    Learn how individual decision-making turns the gears of our economy.
  3. Economics

    What Are Economies Of Scale?

    Is bigger always better? Read up on the important and often misunderstood concept of economies of scale.
  4. Retirement

    The Evolution Of Enterprise Risk Management

    This growing sector can tell you a lot about the companies you are investing in.
  5. Investing Basics

    Why Interest Rates Affect Everyone

    Learn why interest rates are one of the most important economic variables and how every individual and business is affected by rate changes.
  6. Economics

    What is Deadweight Loss?

    Deadweight loss can be applied to any deficiency caused by an inefficient allocation of resources.
  7. Active Trading Fundamentals

    Why Rational Ignorance About Your Investments Might Really Be OK

    It's impossible to know everything about the markets. Find out how ignorance affects your investments.
  8. Professionals

    Tim Cook Leads Apple Into A Record-Breaking 2015

    Understand the differences between Tim Cook and Steve Jobs. Learn if the perceived differences makes Cook a good or bad leader and CEO.
  9. Economics

    How Globalization Affects Developed Countries

    Globalization is the process of expanding business operations on a worldwide level. It’s easier than ever for companies to compete on the global market.
  10. Economics

    Explaining the Coase Theorem

    The Coase theorem states when there are competitive markets and no transaction costs, bargaining will lead to a mutually beneficial outcome.
  1. On which financial statement does a company list its raw material costs?

    A company records its raw material costs on its income statement as part of operating expenses, and it usually lists them ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How do you make working capital adjustments in transfer pricing?

    Transfer pricing refers to prices that a multinational company or group charges a second party operating in a different tax ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the utility function and how is it calculated?

    In economics, utility function is an important concept that measures preferences over a set of goods and services. Utility ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What does marginal utility tell us about consumer choice?

    In microeconomics, utility represents a way to relate the amount of goods consumed to the amount of happiness or satisfaction ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How is the marginal cost of production used to find an optimum production level?

    The marginal cost of production can be tracked to show the optimal production level where per-unit production cost is lowest ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the difference between JIT (just in time) and CMI (customer managed inventory)?

    Just-in-time (JIT) inventory management focuses solely on the need to replenish inventory only when it is required, reducing ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Black Friday

    1. A day of stock market catastrophe. Originally, September 24, 1869, was deemed Black Friday. The crash was sparked by gold ...
  2. Turkey

    Slang for an investment that yields disappointing results or turns out worse than expected. Failed business deals, securities ...
  3. Barefoot Pilgrim

    A slang term for an unsophisticated investor who loses all of his or her wealth by trading equities in the stock market. ...
  4. Quick Ratio

    The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet ...
  5. Black Tuesday

    October 29, 1929, when the DJIA fell 12% - one of the largest one-day drops in stock market history. More than 16 million ...
  6. Black Monday

    October 19, 1987, when the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) lost almost 22% in a single day. That event marked the beginning ...
Trading Center